Functionalism - Deepstash

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The Origins of Psychology: History Through the Years

Functionalism

Functionalism

William James was one of the major American psychologists during the mid to late 1800s.

  • His classic textbook "The Principles of Psychology" became the standard text in psychology and served for the basis of functionalism.
  • Functionalism was about how behavior works to help people live in their environment. Functionalists use methods, such as direct observation.
  • While structuralists tried to break down mental processes into their smallest parts, functionalists thought consciousness was a more continuous and changing process.
  • Functionalism influenced later psychologists and theories of human thought and behavior.

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