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The Wheel And The Axle

  • The wheel and the axle didn't suddenly spring up, but were a gradual, phased invention, starting with rollers that reduced friction on the ground, and helped the Egyptians and Mesopotamians move heavy objects.
  • The oldest discovered axle was found inside a potter’s wheel in a miniature, toy-like form in Mesopotamia. The fact that the center of the wheel is stationary as compared to the circumference is in fact the greatest mechanical insight ever known.
  • Combining the wheel with an axle was genius, leading to the invention of the wagon and other transport vehicles.

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Inventions Come in Stages

Invention often comes in stages and phases, when existing technology is looked at and mixed with new creative insights, a process that sometimes takes thousands of years.

This makes it hard to pinpoint the exact time and place a certain object is invented.

  • The name given to the first full-size wheel, according to paleolinguits, was ‘Kweklos’ which meant ‘to turn’.
  • The time of this invention is said to be about 5400 years ago, though the exact location of the invention varies from Russia to Slovenia.
  • The inventor was a genius in the conception and craft, as he was able to solve engineering, design and woodworking problems to scale up a toy into a full-size wagon.
  • It had a profound effect on the productivity of farmers, and it even helped populations move towards other places that were not close to the river and were thus unexploited.

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The Invention of The Bicycle

John Kemp Starley invented the bicycle as we know it today when he was only 30. His ‘Rover Safety’ bicycle, first displayed in a bicycle show in 1886, was a curiosity, but later when pneumatic tires were added to it to cushion the ride, it became safer, smoother and also 30 per cent faster.

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IDEAS

This element of storytelling focuses on turning around the satire's tool so that instead of laughing at someone else, you will smile at yourself.

This method can have analgesic effects, putting you in a serene state of feeling. A modern example would be Douglas Adams's The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy.

Innovation at work

When you look at great geniuses like Newton, for example, it can be easy to imagine that their ideas and work came exclusively out of their minds. But that is seldom how it works.

Innovation doesn’t occur in a vacuum. Regardless of how unique a work seems, if you look a bit closer, you will always find that the creator mastered what other people had already figured out.