Calorie counting does not take into account the type of nutrients consumed, reducing the many types of food into numbers. It essentially makes no distinction between cottage cheese and a chocolate bar, apart from the number of calories they have.
The advantage of counting the macros (fats, proteins and carbs) is that many essential nutrients (vitamins, minerals) are naturally incorporated in our food intake.
Intermittent Fasting, or "IF", is a relatively new craze that is used as a supplement to your diet. It revolves around the timing of your food intake, and can have some benefits in the long run. There are quite a few people misinformed on fasting, so we'll clear that up and explain how intermittent fasting can be useful.
A keto diet is well known for being a low carb diet, where the body produces ketones in the liver to be used as energy. It's referred to as many different names - ketogenic diet, low carb diet, low carb high fat ( LCHF), etc.
There are many different ways to fast. Intermittent fasting is an increasingly popular eating pattern which involves not eating or sharply restricting your food intake for certain periods of time. This fasting method has been linked to a range of potential health benefits, including short-term increases in human growth hormone (HGH) and changes to gene expression (, , , ).