The triarchic theory of intelligence - Deepstash

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How Different Psychologists Have Evaluated Intelligence

The triarchic theory of intelligence

Robert Sternberg (American psychologist) proposed the concept "successful intelligence; this concept involves three different factors:

  • Analytical intelligence:the ability to evaluate information and solve problems.
  • Creative intelligence: the ability to come up with new ideas.
  • Practical intelligence: the ability to adapt to a changing environment.

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Learning theories

Learning theories develop hypotheses that describe how learning takes place.

The major theories of learning are the following: 

  • behaviorist theories 
  • co...
Behaviorism theories

The behaviorist perspectives of learning originated in the early 1900s. The main idea of behaviorism is that learning consists of a change in behavior because of obtaining, strengthening and applying associations between input from the world, and observations of the individual.

  • Learning is reinforced by exercise and repetition, followed by a positive reward.
  • Learning takes place when the right parts of more complex behavior are rewarded.
Cognitive psychology

Cognitive psychology started in the late 1950s and contributed to the move away from behaviorism.

  • Instead of viewing people as collections of responses to external stimuli, people are viewed as information processors.
  • Cognitive psychology was influenced by the computer that processes information, that became analogous to the human mind.
  • Cognitive psychology understands learning as absorbing knowledge, acting on it, and storing it in memory.
  • The main teaching methods are lecturing and reading textbooks, where the learner receives knowledge passively.