The four personal value orientations - Deepstash

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The four personal value orientations

There are four different personal value orientations based on our "terminal values " - our desirable states of existence, and "instrumental values" - the means by which we achieve our end goals.

  1. Personal-competence. "I value wisdom (terminal), which I believe can be achieved through independent thinking (instrumental)."
  2. Personal-moral: "I valued true friendship (terminal), which I believe can be achieved through honesty (instrumental)."
  3. Social-competence: "I valued equality (terminal), which I think can be achieved through ambitious work (instrumental)."
  4. Social-moral: "I value national security (terminal), which I believe can be achieved through obedience (instrumental)."

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MORE IDEAS FROM THE SAME ARTICLE

Your values will not be fixed; they change throughout your life. While this process happens naturally, you can proactively decide to shape your values.

A practical framework shared by Mark Mason is that good values are evidence-based, constructive, and controllable. This framework includes intellectual curiosity, creativity, humility, honesty, vulnerability, standing up for others and oneself.

Our values are our preferences about what we consider appropriate courses of actions.

Personal values can be ethical, moral, ideological, social, or even aesthetic. Values are mostly transmitted through parenting, but our cultural environment also plays a role.

  • A way to discover your personal values is to write a short personal essay about the values of the people you admire and how they align with your own values.
  • A second strategy is to pick six to eight values from a list such as adventure, bravery, compassion, creativity, family, free...

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