A financial crisis - Deepstash
A financial crisis

A financial crisis

A financial crisis is often associated with a panic or a bank run where investors sell off assets or withdraw money from savings accounts.

  • Asset prices drop in value.
  • Consumers are unable to pay their debts.
  • Financial institutions experience liquidity shortages.

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MORE IDEAS FROM Financial Crisis Definition

  • The Stock Crash of 1929. On Oct. 24, 1929, share prices collapsed after a period of wild speculation and borrowing to buy shares. It led to the Great Depression, which was felt worldwide. One trigger of the crash was a drastic oversupply of commodity crops, which led to a steep decline in prices.
  • The 20007-2008 Global Financial Crisis. This was the worst economic disaster since the Stock Market Crash of 1929. It started with a subprime mortgage lending crisis in 2007. Then it moved into a global banking crisis with the failure of investment bank Lehman Brothers in September 2008.

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Generally, a crisis is caused if institutions or assets are overvalued, and can be worsened by panic and herd-like investor behaviour.

Contributing factors include systemic failures, unexpected or uncontrollable human behaviour, regulatory absence or failures, or contagions that is like a virus that spread from one institution or country to the next. If left unchecked, an economic crisis can cause a recession or depression.

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RELATED IDEA

Contagion In Economics

Contagion, in financial terms, refers to the diffusion of economic booms, and can occur both domestically and globally. It is basically a spread of an economic crisis from one region to another, and spreads on an international level due to the global market interdependence.

The term contagion was coined during the 1997 Asian financial crisis, but it was occurring namelessly even during the Great Depression in the 1930s.

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Black Friday has two relevant meanings
  • In history, Black Friday was a stock market disaster that happened on September 24, 1869, when, after a period of uncontrolled speculation, the price of gold crashed, and the markets crashed.
  • The contemporary meaning refers to the day after the U.S. Thanksgiving holiday, which has been a holiday itself for many employees. It is known as a day full of shopping deals and heavy discounts and is considered the beginning of the holiday shopping season.

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The January Effect

It is defined as a perceived seasonal increase in stock prices during January.

Analysts generally attribute this rally (a period of sustained increases in the prices of stocks, bonds, or related indexes) to two factors.

  1. A price drop happens in December - when investors prompt a sell-off due to tax-loss harvesting to offset realized capital gains - followed by an increase in buying in January.
  2. Investors use year-end cash bonuses to purchase investments in January.

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