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What is Crisis Management in Negotiation? - Harvard Law School

Characteristics of Crisis Negotiation

  • High stakes, including communication towards conflict resolution.
  • Unpredictable.
  • Heightened negative emotions, often leading to conflict escalation.
  • Multiple parties and teams are involved.

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IDEA EXTRACTED FROM:

What is Crisis Management in Negotiation? - Harvard Law School

What is Crisis Management in Negotiation? - Harvard Law School

https://www.pon.harvard.edu/daily/crisis-negotiations/crisis-management-negotiation/

pon.harvard.edu

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Key Ideas

5 Steps for Effective Crisis Negotiation

  • Prepare for crisis: Good crisis-management plans predict and set mechanisms to deal with and minimize the effects of disputes.
  • Establish ground rules: This establishes a foundation for trust, and disincentivizes extreme demands.
  • Confront emotions head-on: Listen to your counterpart's demands aiming to identify his underlying motivations. Active-listening techniques, such as self-disclosure, paraphrasing, and supportive remarks may help.
  • Don’t rush the process: Strong emotions have a tendency to de-escalate over time, which may lead to lighter demands.
  • Strengthen the relationship: establishing positive bonds helps both parties to see what would satisfy its counterpart.

Characteristics of Crisis Negotiation

  • High stakes, including communication towards conflict resolution.
  • Unpredictable.
  • Heightened negative emotions, often leading to conflict escalation.
  • Multiple parties and teams are involved.

SIMILAR ARTICLES & IDEAS:

Types of Negotiators
  • Integrative negotiators: create value between negotiating counterparts.
  • Distributive negotiators: maximize their claim to value in the negotiation at hand.
  • Cr...
Police Negotiation Techniques

They aim to reconcile a counterpart’s problems with the need to maintain the peace for society at large.

Using active-listening techniques, maintaining an open-minded approach, and building rapport to influence one’s counterpart are some of the skills used to resolve conflict and this skills can also be used on other kinds of negotiation.

7 Essential Crisis Negotiation Skills Of a NYPD Negotiator
  • Communication: Opening communication avenues to your counterpart signals you are ready to listen and builds rapport between you.
  • Patience: Allowing your counterpart to air concerns and not jumping to conclusions or rushing towards a resolution also builds rapport.
  • Active Listening: An affective skill that helps to maintain an open dialogue and build trust between counterparts also doubling as information gathering.
  • Respect: Makes your counterpart feel understood and that their concerns are being heard and addressed.
  • Calm: its display helps the counterpart feel there is an alternative way to taking harsh measures.
  • Self-Awareness: It's establishing a relationship with the counterpart while keeping communications strategic and purposeful.
  • Adaptability: Is to adapt and respond to changing circumstances in a way that further negotiation goals.

“In crisis situations, emotions can dictate a person’s actions at the detriment of rational thinking.”

Jeff Thompson

"We all need to be good listeners and learn to demonstrate our empathy and understanding of the problems, needs, and issues of others. Only then can we hope to influence their behavior in a positive way.”

"We all need to be good listeners and learn to demonstrate our empathy and understanding of the problems, needs, and issues of others. Only then can we hope to influence their behavior in a positive way.”

The Goal In Law Enforcement Hostage Crisis Situations

To use communication skills to get a person to change from a negative behavior to a more desirable one.

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Successful Negotiation

The most successful negotiators don't entertain dirty tricks in negotiation but instead strive to reach agreements that are satisfactory to both parties.

But if you find yourself on...

Jet Lag

Used on negotiators who travel long distances: to start meetings while the negotiator's concentration is impeded due to jet lag or fatigue. Jet lag seriously impairs judgement. 

Tip for the negotiator: Travel early and leave time for recuperation before meeting the other party. Where you suspect your hosts like to be hospitable, keep news of your early arrival quiet. 

It's different over here

A dirty trick often used against people visiting other cultures.

The approach of "but we always do it this way over here" can be difficult to counter if you're not prepared for it.

Tip for the negotiator: If you suspect this approach in advance, have with you a local expert who knows the customs. 

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Win-Win Negotiation

It involves working to get the best deal possible for yourself while also working to ensure that your counterpart is satisfied.

The “win-win” negotiators seem to have the most success....

Get clear on your negotiation goals

There are 3 key questions you should ask yourself:

  • What's the best possible outcome
  • What's your bottom line? This refers to the least...
Determine your core negotiation strategy (CNS)

It means finding the doorway that you want to enter the negotiation through. That could be the doorway of safety and liability or of value, the doorway of competition or of future business.

Understand your negotiation signature

That signature is the habitual way that you go about a negotiation. Understanding your default signature helps you know what you're working with.

Some people try to go in and beat the other person up on price. Other people are really intimidated, reticent, and afraid to ask for anything. 

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Crises Can Confuse Communication

Failing in communication can have a big impact during a crisis. Sometimes things that are transparent to one party may be interpreted differently by another. Therefore, choosing certain words ...

Talking vs Speaking

During a crisis, using the word "talk" to begin a conversation, "Can we talk about how you are?" often gets a negative response. The reason is that we place little value on "talk." Talk is cheap or meaningless. However, substituting the word with "speak", seems to have better results.

"Talk" is loaded with context that makes it fruitless in these scenarios, while the word "speak" is free from those associations.

Being Willing

The principles for a positive and constructive discussion are framing your conversation in positivity.

By framing conversations to focus on the positive, one can move a problem forward.

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Negotiation

Whether it is a high-stakes deal, the price of a used car, or a family issue, we all are bargaining and getting into negotiations.

Negotiation is 90 % planning, along with being educated and ...

The 7 Elements

A negotiation does not have to be a uni-dimensional, one-shot activity.

There are seven points to prepare yourself with:

  1. What do people want?
  2. What is my Plan B?
  3. Creating Value using shared interests.
  4. What's relevant and what's persuasive.
  5. One-shot or multiple rounds?
  6. The best way to communicate.
  7. What are my commitments?
What People Want

Knowing the other party's needs, wants and desires, getting to know what drives their negotiation, is crucial information in the planning stage.

The more we understand the interests of the other negotiating party, the better we can help them get what they want while taking care of our interests.

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Negotiating without being a pushover

Do:

  • Frame the negotiations as a problem-solving challenge.
  • Take the time to make small talk. It’ll build connections you can leverage later on.
  • Stress t...
4 basic negotiation styles

...depending on different social motives:

  • Individualists seek to maximize their own outcomes with little regard for their counterparts’ outcomes. .
  • Cooperators stri...
The 3 key qualities of negociation
  • Clarity: on your objectives, on what you want and what you don'y want, what is acceptable and what not.
  • Detachment it’s about kee...