Hormones and Neurotransmitters - Deepstash
Hormones and Neurotransmitters

Hormones and Neurotransmitters

Hormones are chemicals produced by various glands, called the endocrine system, whose primary function is to communicate between two glands or between a gland and an organ focusing on: mood regulation, pleasure, pain relief etc.

Neurotransmitters are like hormones but they are produced in the brain and send messages using the nervous system.

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MORE IDEAS FROM Serotonin And The Other Happy Hormones In Your Body

Endorphins

Endorphins are hormones and neuro-signalling molecules that function as painkillers. They inhibit the transmission of pain signals in the central nervous system by binding to opioid receptors (the body’s natural morphine).

Endorphins & dopamine are often confused because each one is a chemical that makes you happy in the broad sense of the term. However, they are in some ways related because, when endorphins bind to receptors of the central nervous system, dopamine (the pleasure hormone) is released.

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Serotonin - the happy hormone

It is essential for mood, digestion, sleep, brain function, and circadian rhythm. It seems to be “involved in everything but responsible for nothing”: Low serotonin has been noted in depression, but increasing serotonin levels in depressed people doesn’t reliably work.

Up to 90% of your body’s serotonin is produced in the gut where it can act as a hormone or a neurotransmitter. This means that you can make yourself happier by eating better.

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Oxytocin - the bonding hormone

Oxytocin promotes bonding & trust, and it is particularly active during childbirth where it stimulates contractions. As a neurotransmitter it helps regulating stress responses & calm the nervous system.

Higher blood oxytocin levels have been linked to greater perceived love, responsiveness, and gratitude in couples.

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It makes you happy while also keeping you alive & alert. This chemical is part of the brain’s reward system — it’s what gives you pleasurable sensations and keeps you coming back for more. Dopamine is considered to be the motivational cog in this system, and it’s naturally released when you perceive food or sex, but before you consume it.

50% is produced in the gut so diet plays a big role in this motivation hormone.

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Oxytocin

Oxytocin is often known as ‘the bonding hormone’. It’s released when we feel safe, connected, and close to people we trust.

Oxytocin hacks to stimulate naturally-

  • Stroking a pet, interacting with animals lovingly 
  • Being in close company of friends and family and being affectionate 
  • Giving compliments 
  • Holding hands
  • Giving or receiving massage (scalp massage)
  • Preparing and sharing food with loved ones 

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Gut Microbiome
  1. The term “gut microbiome” refers specifically to the microorganisms living in your intestines.
  2. A person has about 300 to 500 different species of bacteria in their digestive tract.
  3. While some microorganisms are harmful to our health, many are incredibly beneficial and even necessary to a healthy body.
  4. Having a wide variety of these good bacteria in your gut can enhance your immune system function, improve symptoms of depression, help combat obesity, and provide numerous other benefits.

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The brain and the gut are linked and in constant communication, and about 100 million nerve cells reside in the gut.

Gut bacteria produce dopamine and similar neurotransmitters that are critical for mood, anxiety, concentration, and motivation, explaining why stomach disorders upset our mood and emotions.

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