The Physicalism Analogy: A Proof to Dualism - Deepstash

The Physicalism Analogy: A Proof to Dualism

  1. Physicalism says that everything in our world is physical.
  2. If physicalism is true, everything in out world is physical including consciousness.
  3. But we can conceive of a “zombie world", a physical world without consciousness then,
  4. Physicalism is proven false, because our world consists of both physical and mental attributes.

The existence of consciousness is a further, nonphysical fact about our world.

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MORE IDEAS FROM Are we more than just our bodies? Philosophers argue over zombies.

P-zombie as a Foundation to Dualism

If a p-zombie is logically conceivable, a physical body minus the mental, then this possibility could support dualism - an alternative view that sees the world consisting of not just the physical but also the mental. In other words, since a world of zombies is imaginable, all behaving purely at the physical level, why did evolution produce consciousness in humans?

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"Zombie"

The word comes from the Hatian folklore and refers to a corpse animated by witchcraft.

In philosophy, this idea of a regular human but with no conscious experiences is known as a “philosophical zombie" or a “p-zombie". It is an argument against physicalism - the school of thought that everything that makes us human is ultimately derived from our physical characteristics.

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Misconceptions About Zombies

A zombie is a walking corpse, a living dead. But not all walking corpse is a zombie.

Unlike many other undead, the zombie is mindless, vacant, without purpose. The zombie was literally enslaved by magic to perform hard labor. Thus, it is a slave to its insatiable appetite, mindlessly consuming without need. It is a slave that was created by that which enslaves it.

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Zombies Gaining Popularity

Zombies, a staple of pop culture horror, first started appearing in novels and pulp magazines in the 20s, finally debuting on celluloid in 1932 with the movie White Zombie, though many attribute their mainstream popularity to the 1968 adaptation of the Richard Matheson novel 'I Am Legend', called The Night Of The Living Dead.

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The Hard Problem of Consciousness

Consciousness could be described as the feeling of being inside your head, looking out, or of having a soul.

How we learn, store memories, or perceive things, are easy problems to solve. The problematic part is why all those complicated brain processes feel like anything from the inside.

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