The idea of nature is most widely used in philosophy.
Aristotle and Descartes relied on the concept of nature to explain the fundamental points of their view. Even contemporary philosophy employs this idea, yet it is one of the most ill-defined ideas.
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The idea of nature can also be used to express the wilderness - that which lies at the edge of a cultural process.
If we consider the environmental impact on the whole ecosystem, there may be no real wild place left on our planet. In a looser sense, a walk in the forest or a trip on the ocean may be an experience that we can consider natural.
Nature in this sense is related to spontaneity, while nurture is the outcome of a cultural process. For example, education is seen as a process against nature. But any human development is shaped by the activity of interaction with other humans.
Then, for instance, there is no such thing as the natural development of human language.
Aristotle used the idea of nature to explain that which defines the essence of something. The essence is the properties that define what a thing is. For example, the essence of water will be its molecular structure.
Then to act in accordance with nature means to consider the actual definition of each thing.
In the past millennia, nature has been used as the expression of the divine.
The idea of nature is part of most religions. It takes on specific forms, such as a mountain, sun, ocean, or fire, to include the whole sphere of existence.
The idea of nature is sometimes used to refer to anything that exists as part of the physical world.
Natural is also used to refer to a spontaneous process instead of one that occurs as a deliberate result. For example, naturally grown plants vs artificially grown plants.
Example: People who hate sports cannot understand why thousands are cheering in a stadium for a few men who are chasing a ball.
The Teleological argument (also known as intelligent design argument) is an argument for the existence of God, an intelligent creator based on perceived evidence of intelligent design in the natural world.
Anselm's ontological argument is a philosophical argument, made from an ontological basis.
Anselm defines God as "the greatest being" and argues that if such being can exist in the mind, then it must also exist in reality. If it existed only in the mind, then an even greater being must be possible—one who exists both in mind and in reality. Therefore, this greatest possible being must exist in reality.
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