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Norm judgements are limited to actions. We decide if some activity or thing is allowed, permissible, prohibited, or otherwise acceptable.
This can be applied before an action is taken. It often invokes abstract ideas of virtue and value.
Moral psychology is the study of how we process moral ideas, how we become moral beings, and how our brains handle moral issues. We can use a four-category framework to understand how people make moral judgements. These are: Evaluations, Norm judgements, Wrongness judgements and Blame judgements.
It takes less than two seconds of seeing an action with a moral dimension to make a basic judgement on whether it was good or bad, morally wrong or not, and who to blame for it. Some of these quick decisions will be wrong because we rely on preexisting biases and insufficient information. The four-category framework can help us understand that moral situations can be viewed from different perspectives. Holding opposing views on an issue can be natural.
Blame judgements combine evaluations, norm judgments and wrongness judgements.
This judgement is carried out quickly. Blame is a social tool. It can also help us regulate our moral behaviour in the future.
These combine elements of evaluation and norm judgement to identify intentional violations of norms.
A wrongness judgement differs from a norm judgement in that wrongness is an entirely moral trait.
“The attention which we lend to an experience is proportional to its vivid or interesting character, and it is a notorious fact that what interests us most vividly at the time is, other things equal, what we remember best.”
The fact that we live in an age of information should allow us to make super-informed, data-driven decisions all the time.
But the widespread availability of information does not mean that we actually use it even if we have it: decades of research in psychology and behavioral science found that people readily make data-poor snap judgments in a variety of instances (when forming impressions, when shopping, when evaluating, even when voting).
In a comprehensive study, many people were asked about the time taken for them to make decisions regarding their life partner, their choice of beverage, and evaluation of various kinds of data. In all of the cases, there was a false belief in the individuals that they would utilize more information than what they eventually did.
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