Retrieval practice—where you shut the book and try to recall what you’ve learned without looking at it—is one of the most effective studying techniques.
MORE IDEAS FROM The 10 Essential Strategies for Deeper Learning | Scott H Young
The teacher often learns more than the student. Teaching something, even if just pretending, forces you to confront what you know and don’t know.
If you can be exposed to a fact, idea or procedure multiple times, you’ll retain it far longer than if you experience it only once.
By obtaining only a superficial understanding, it’s harder to abstract the deeper principles behind things.
Knowing a programming concept, like recursion, for a test is one thing. Being able to notice that the current problem in your work would be best solved with a recursive algorithm is another.
A clever experimental manipulation found that the students who would have chosen passive review, nonetheless did better when they were forced to do practice instead.
This concept corresponds roughly to what we think of as our mental bandwidth. It can only hold a few items at a time.
The fix is to slow things down. Write out what you’re trying to learn on a piece of paper, and go through each sentence or step in a calculation one-at-a-time.
Whenever you’re struggling to learn anything, always ask if you’ve mastered the basics.
Instead of trying to understand the idea all at once, you need to ask yourself what’s missing to understand it.
We’re never actually doing two things at once. Instead, when we multitask, we’re quickly switching between tasks in our minds.
Formal discipline theory led to views that learning Latin and geometry were important, even if few students would use these skills in their lives, because by their formal character they acted as the ideal dumbbells for mental strength training.
Training on one task didn’t help much with training on dissimilar tasks. Identical elements theory suggested that in order for training in one skill to apply to another, the two problems must share common elements.
General skills not only help you with a narrow problem but can be used repeatedly to solve other problems.
But building general skills can be challenging because it is built from many specific ones. If you're prepared to do the work, you can find better ways to learn that can make breadth possible.
With full-time commitments like University or Job tasks could be hard, but one can always find some spare time. This time could be invested on self-care and family time among others.
A long to-do list with saved browser tabs of courses to watch or books to learn. Our to-learn list is long and ever-growing, skills that we want to maintain and master, harder to fit it in our schedules.
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