Cognitive Flexibility - Deepstash
Cognitive Flexibility

Cognitive Flexibility

The trouble that your DMS gets into seems to depend on how automatic your patterns of thought are. The key is cognitive flexibility: being able to more freely choose your mental habits, and have greater agency in your cognitive phenomena. CBT and even hypnosis could tame an unruly DMN.

Meditation also reduces activity in the DMN. It reforms the DMN so that the resting state becomes more like the meditative state, producing “a more present-centred default mode.” By investing more attention in the sensory world than in your narrative overlaying it, you might identify the former to be what’s true.

STASHED IN:

111

STASHED IN:

0 Comments

MORE IDEAS FROM Is the Default Mode of the Brain to Suffer?

What Does Brain Do At "Rest"?

When given nothing else to do, the brain defaults to thinking about the person it’s embedded in. The brain areas related to processing emotions, recalling memory, and thinking about what’s to come become quietly active.

This is “the default mode of brain function,” and the constellation of brain areas that carry it out are the default mode network, or DMN. 

People who daydream more tend to have a more active DMN; relatedly, dreaming itself appears to be an amplified version of mind-wandering. 

STASHED IN:

249

Chögyam Trungpa

"Meditation practice is necessary generally because our thinking pattern, our conceptualized way of conducting our life in the world, is either too manipulative, imposing itself upon the world, or else runs completely wild and uncontrolled. Therefore, our meditation practice must begin with ego’s outermost layer, the discursive thoughts which continually run through our minds, our mental gossip."

STASHED IN:

108

Mental Chatter Is Not Real

In cognitive behavioral therapy, that process of divesting realness from your mental chatter is called “decentering,” or thinking less that your thoughts are the truth about what’s happening and viewing them as an observer. The therapeutic interventions offered by psychedelics like psilocybin and LSD — which, at least in one trial, helped longtime smokers quit at a rate three times that of the best pharma drugs — seem to have a similar, though more sudden, effect.

STASHED IN:

114

DMN And the Image of the Self

Suffering arises when people concretize the fleeting swirls of thought, especially around conceptions of self. Default-mode content involves an image of self, one that’s easy to become attached to. These self conceptions carry lots of emotional weight. We think that the image of the self is something real and not just an mental image. However, the self isn’t one thing, it’s an evolving construct of many different processes.  

According to Buddhist traditions, when we take it to be real when it isn’t then that causes suffering.

STASHED IN:

109

What Does The Science Say?

The default mode has a "prospective bias". Depending on the person, their history, and their biological dispositions, that prospection could tilt toward worrying or hoping. There are 3 different types of day dreaming: 

  1. Positive constructive daydreaming: lots of playful, wishful imagery and plan-making thoughts.
  2. Dysphoric daydreaming: lots of anguish and obsessive fantasies. 
  3. Poor attentional control: hard to concentrate on anything

Research indicates that a disturbed DMN is a mechanism in depression. Our greatest source of suffering isn’t the default mode but when we get stuck in the default mode.

STASHED IN:

128

What Does Buddhism Say?

In Buddhist traditions, this chattering described by neuroscientists as the default mode is a dragon to be tamed, if not slain. The crux of the Buddhist argument is that if you don’t establish some relationship with your DMN, some mindfulness of its activity, you’ll be yanked around by the swirling eddies of emotion, reaction, and rumination.

STASHED IN:

119

DMN's Contribution In Creative Thinking

The wandering nature of the DMN can be harnessed for creative thinking. In a 2015 study, participants were asked to do creative thinking tasks. Results showed that creative thinking requires a combination of focusing internal attention and controlling spontaneous thinking. It underscores the fact that not all minds that wander are lost.

STASHED IN:

113

Deepstash helps you become inspired, wiser and productive, through bite-sized ideas from the best articles, books and videos out there.

GET THE APP:

RELATED IDEA

Daydreaming Is Not A Waste Of Time

Contrary to popular belief, daydreaming is actually an evolutionary trait specific to human beings which harnesses our creative power and enables us to function in an effective manner.

Research shows that a creative distraction like daydreams loosens us form our never-ending stream of thoughts and provides possible solutions to our problems, while enhancing our sense of identity.

19

STASHED IN:

190

Ordinary and altered states of consciousness

Altered states of consciousness can only be defined if there is an understanding of an ordinary state of consciousness.

While scientists can't agree on a clear definition, altered states of consciousness are nevertheless essential to understanding the human mind.

26

STASHED IN:

228

The Importance Of Boredom

It drives us to engage in activities that we find more meaningful than those at hand. Without it, we’d be perpetually excited by everything.

Research shows that people who are bored think more creatively than those who aren’t. 

3

STASHED IN:

234