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The first important role cross-cultural psychology has is to rectify most of the biases that people have in the field.
Furthermore, this branch of the psychology is used to understand the influence that cultural differences have on people's perception of each other.
The term 'culture' can be defined as the characteristics of a group of people, from attitudes to values, transmitted from generation to generation.
The cross-cultural psychology studies, by means of etic or emic approach, the way culture influences our life as a whole or the idea of ethnocentrism, which so often leads to biases.
The main difference between the cross-cultural psychology and the other branches of psychology refers to the fact that cross-cultural psychology analyses the effects of culture on human behavior, whereas the other types of psychology focus more on how people themselves influence the human behavior.
SIMILAR ARTICLES & IDEAS:
It is a multidisciplinary subject of psychology that synthesizes elements from various disciplines like sociology, public health, social psychology, political science and cross-cultural psychology....
Community Psychologists work on empowerment, diversity, community building, health promotion, civic participation and health promotion, using the two types of change models:
Community Psychology emerged in the 1960s when it was increasingly apparent that clinical psychology cannot address broader social and community-specific issues, especially the unique problems in mental health and well-being.
Now, the American Psychological Association(APA) has a section devoted to this subject and several academic journals are published in this rising field.
Psychology, which was largely developed in North American and Europe, has largely been able to understand human behavior and mental processes.
As our knowledge of different cultures and thou...
Normally, studies conducted to understand human behavior have participants representing the wider human population, which may be true in a certain geography but isn't accurate when we take into account other cultures and demographics.
More than 90% of the participants in psychological studies originate from countries that are Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich and Democratic (W.E.I.R.D) which is neither a random sample nor a real representation of the human population.
People across the world have different ways of describing themselves, different mental associations and thinking styles, possessing radically diverse motivations, upbringing, and social relationships.
What may be categorized as a mental illness in a certain part of the world may be normal behavior in another. Cultural differences pervade in a wider array of human behavior and there is a need to increase the circumference and scope of these studies.
Present approaches suggest that intelligence means having the capacity to:
Charles Spearman (British psychologist, 1863–1945) described a concept he referred to as general intelligence or the "g factor". He utilized the method named 'factor analysis' to investigate a few mental ability tests; his conclusion was that the results and scores on these tests were very similar:
People who did well on one cognitive test usually performed well on other tests, while those who performed badly on one test usually scored badly on others. Spearman concluded that intelligence is a general cognitive ability that can be measured and numerically expressed.