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Community Psychology Explains How Individuals Relate to Society

https://www.verywellmind.com/what-is-community-psychology-2794898

verywellmind.com

Community Psychology Explains How Individuals Relate to Society
Community psychology is a relatively young discipline within psychology that is concerned with how individuals relate to society. Learn more.

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Community Psychology

Community Psychology

It is a multidisciplinary subject of psychology that synthesizes elements from various disciplines like sociology, public health, social psychology, political science and cross-cultural psychology.

A broad spectrum of areas, from political to environmental are studied by psychologists from across the world.

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Change For The Better

Change For The Better

Community Psychologists work on empowerment, diversity, community building, health promotion, civic participation and health promotion, using the two types of change models:

  • First-Order change shapes the individuals in order to prevent or fix a larger community issue.
  • Second-Order change modifies the broader social systems in order to make the individuals fit better into their environments.

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Community Psychology: The Beginning

Community Psychology emerged in the 1960s when it was increasingly apparent that clinical psychology cannot address broader social and community-specific issues, especially the unique problems in mental health and well-being.

Now, the American Psychological Association(APA) has a section devoted to this subject and several academic journals are published in this rising field.

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Community Psychology At Work

As the nature of this profession involves a diverse range of topics, a community psychologist performs many different roles and duties like

  • Finding out and addressing community problems
  • Finding new ways to help disadvantaged individuals
  • Developing community-based programs
  • Bridging the gap between the individual and the community group.
  • Understand the social issues rampant among minority groups.
  • Promoting participation and diversity by evaluation of organizations and governments.

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SIMILAR ARTICLES & IDEAS:

Cross-cultural psychology

Cross-cultural psychology

Cross-cultural psychology is defined as a branch of psychology that analyses the effects of cultural factors on human behavior.

For instance, while some cultures play ...

The importance of cross-cultural psychology

The first important role cross-cultural psychology has is to rectify most of the biases that people have in the field.

Furthermore, this branch of the psychology is used to understand the influence that cultural differences have on people's perception of each other.

The culture

The term 'culture' can be defined as the characteristics of a group of people, from attitudes to values, transmitted from generation to generation.

The cross-cultural psychology studies, by means of etic or emic approach, the way culture influences our life as a whole or the idea of ethnocentrism, which so often leads to biases.

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Personality Psychology: Important Terminology

Personality Psychology: Important Terminology
  • Classical conditioning: A behavioural technique where a natural stimulus is paired with a previously neutral stimulus. The previously neutral stimulus eventually cause the r...

Defining Personality

While we often talk about personality, psychologists disagree on what exactly constitutes personality.

Personality is then broadly defined as the characteristic patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviours that originate within the person and make a person unique. It is what makes you, you.

Key Characteristics of Personality

  • Personality is organized and consistent.
  • Personality is generally stable, but the environment can influence it. A shy personality in social situations might take charge and be more outspoken in an emergency.
  • Personality causes behaviours to happen. You react to your environment based on your personality.

The need to understand psychology

The beginnings of psychology differ significantly from contemporary conceptions of the field. Modern psychology covers a range of topics, looking at human behavior en mental processes from the neur...

The Beginnings of Psychology

Psychology was not separate from philosophy until the late 1800s.

  • During the 17th century, philosopher Rene Descartes introduced the idea of dualism - that the mind and body were two entities that interact to complete the human experience.
  • While early philosophers relied on methods such as observation and logic, today's psychologists use scientific methodologies to draw conclusions about human thought and behavior.
  • Physiological research on the brain and behavior also contributes to psychology.

Psychology as a Separate Discipline

  • During the mid-1800s, a German physiologist Wilhelm Wundt outlined many of the major connections between the science of physiology and the study of human thought and behavior.
  • He viewed psychology as the study of human consciousness and tried to apply experimental methods to study internal mental processes.
  • His processes are known as introspection and seen as unreliable and unscientific today, but it helped to set the stage for future experimental methods.
  • The opening of his psychology lab In 1879 is considered to be the official start of psychology as a separate scientific discipline.