Centers of Progress: Rome (Roads) - Deepstash
Centers of Progress: Rome (Roads)

Centers of Progress: Rome (Roads)

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Centers of Progress: Rome (Roads)

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Ancient Rome: Origins

  • Rome was founded in 753 BCE by Romulus, the first king, and the son of Mars, the God Of War.
  • Rome knew three eras: The Period of Kings from 625 to 510 BCE, Republican Rome from 510 to 31 BCE and Imperial Rome from 31 BCE to 476 CE.
  • The Roman empire consisted of Spain, Portugal, France, Belgium, England, Wales, parts of Germany, and many territories in Central Europe and Africa.

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Invention Of Roads And How Rome Developed Them Further

  • The first roads were invented in the Bronze Age in 4000 BCE, created by the older Indus Valley Civilization. This was the first time that straight, 90 degree intersecting roads were seen.
  • The Roman civilization created advanced road systems that encouraged travel and connection, forming a lifeline of connecting various cultures, institutions and beliefs.
  • The Romans managed to create major roadways and highways with traffic segregation, something unheard of before.
  • They had 372 roads with 29 major highways. The first major roadway was called the Appian Way, connecting Rome with Capua, back in 312 BCE. This road was used efficiently during the Samnite Wars in the same era.

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Roads In Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome built sophisticated infrastructure ranging from bridges, amphitheatres, aqueducts and even sewer systems.

The Roman network of roads, called Viae Romanae and meaning ‘Roman Ways’ was a huge breakthrough in quick and easy transportation of trade goods, military supplies, and free movement of civilians and soldiers.

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The Forum in Ancient Rome

Like so many large malls with built-in theatres nowadays, a grand plaza known as ‘The Forum’ became an influential marketplace and later the main civic center in Rome. It was a place where gladiatorial fights, court sessions, shopping and ceremonial activities happened.

A monument called Milliarium Aureum or the Golden Milestone was built there in 20 BCE.

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Lasting Creations In Ancient Rome

  • The Roman roads were built of several layers of stone and cement and were able to last for millennia due to the high level of craftsmanship and scientifically created design to withstand heavy loads and all weather conditions.
  • The Roman baths in Algeria are still used, 2000 years after being made.
  • The Roman Amphitheatre in France called the Arena of Nîmes still has live concerts in this age.
  • The roads, of course, have left the greatest mark, with their alignments and routes still in use, now overlaid with modern roads.

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