The Dunning-Kruger Effect: The Paradox of Our Own Ignorance - Deepstash

deepstash

Beta

Deepstash brings you key ideas from the most inspiring articles like this one:

Read more efficiently

Save what inspires you

Remember anything

The Dunning-Kruger Effect: The Paradox of Our Own Ignorance

https://markmanson.net/dunning-kruger-effect

markmanson.net

The Dunning-Kruger Effect: The Paradox of Our Own Ignorance
The Dunning-Kruger effect stems from the ignorance of our own ignorance. But how do you fix something if you don't even know it's broken?

8

Key Ideas

Save all ideas

Ignorance Of Our Own Ignorance

Ignorance Of Our Own Ignorance

The Dunning-Kruger Effect is the mind's tendency to overestimate one’s own knowledge or competence and to underestimate one’s own ignorance. It usually occurs when the information is unknown to us, with one peculiar complication: The information that something is unknown to us is also unknown to us.

The Dunning-Kruger Effect is essentially a meta-layer of ignorance. Example: drivers who pride themselves as being competent and safe drivers making highly unsafe driving errors.

162 SAVES

883 READS

VIEW

The Four Types Of Information

  • Known Knowns: Things we know, like how to ride a bicycle.
  • Known Unknowns: Stuff we don’t understand, like quantum physics.
  • Unknown Knowns: Things we know but never realized that we knew it. Most of it comes naturally to us, like parenting or crying.
  • Unknown Unknowns: This is the information we have no clue about, and we don’t even know the fact that we don’t have a clue about this.

Most people have information in all these four types, making each brain a combination of a labyrinth and a jigsaw puzzle.

176 SAVES

754 READS

The Emotional Awareness Blindspot

We are heavily blind-spotted with regards to our unknown unknowns as we continue to believe our own rhetoric and start to project it on others.

Our delusion is further complicated by the fact that even if people point to us our problem, we are unable to believe them, due to our lack of emotional awareness.

152 SAVES

618 READS

Overcoming Our Ignorance Of Our Ignorance

To overcome the paradox of overcoming our own ignorance is itself a contradiction due to the fact that we need to look for something that we cannot see.

This is the same contradiction experienced by any conspiracy theorist: The basic premise of their belief (even if it is right) is based on zero-reasoning and the foundation that only they are the reasonable ones.

141 SAVES

511 READS

The Comfort Of Knowing

As most people do not like ambiguity and uncertainty, they are much more comfortable in knowing something even if it is completely false.

Knowing something wrong is better than nothing, as our beliefs let us make sense of the world, which is subjective by every measure.

138 SAVES

449 READS

The Backdoor To Create Awareness

If people are made to develop certain basic and related skills, including foundational understanding in an objective way, they perform better at certain tasks.

Being aware of the blindspots that one can have, the emotional awareness that one may not have, or about the nature of Dunning-Kruger Effect can help individuals who are already aware to some extent that they might not be the centre of the universe after all.

141 SAVES

406 READS

How To Deal With Meta-Ignorant People

  1. Do not ridicule them, as it can make them defensive.
  2. Provide examples and gently guide their minds towards the possibility that their belief may not be true.
  3. Being humble, unbiased and objective are important values that can be nurtured in all, especially youngsters.

152 SAVES

431 READS

Bertrand Russell

“The whole problem with the world is that fools and fanatics are always so certain of themselves, and wiser people so full of doubts.”

Bertrand Russell

170 SAVES

532 READS

SIMILAR ARTICLES & IDEAS:

The Blindspot Of Ignorance And Incompetence

The Blindspot Of Ignorance And Incompetence

Humans are not very good at self-evaluation and may be unaware of how ignorant they are. This psychological deficiency is known as the Dunning-Kruger Effect, where an illu...

Developing Meta-Cognition

Meta-cognitive skills are developed by:

  1. Self-reflection by journaling, along with a review of your progress and personal changes.
  2. Using second-level thinking by asking yourself about potential blind spots or missing information.
  3. Using mental models for testing your assumptions and separating the signal from the noise.
  4. Taking notes using an app or even pen and paper, trying to visualize your knowledge using diagrams and doodles.
  5. Being aware of the various cognitive biases that can cloud our thinking, and learning more about them.

Meta-cognition is the essential requirement to be able to gauge one’s competence or the lack of it.

The Dunning-Kruger effect

It's a type of cognitive bias in which people believe that they are smarter and more capable than they really are. Inexperience masquerades as expertise. And we tend to see it in other people,...

Intellectual humility

It means being actively curious about your blind spots. It’s not about lacking confidence, or self-esteem. It’s about entertaining the possibility that you may be wrong and being open to learning from the experience of others.

Why we need more intellectual humility

  1. Our culture promotes and rewards overconfidence and arrogance; 
  2. At the same time, when we are wrong — out of ignorance or error — and realize it, our culture doesn’t make it easy to admit it. Humbling moments too easily can turn into moments of humiliation.

one more idea

We all think our beliefs are correct

We all think our beliefs are correct

That is why we believe them. In reality, almost everything we believe will eventually be at least partially wrong.

Since some of our beliefs are probably partially incorre...

Thinking “I know exactly what to do”

The reasoning behind this belief is that if you believe you know what you're doing, you'll have more confidence, and you'll do it better.

This may sound nice at first glance, but confidence can also make us justify our own position. We'll be less open to constructive feedback and likely ignore a lot of good ideas and better options. To adapt to change , you have to be open to be wrong in the first place.

“It’s not fair”

The issue with this statement is with our definition of "fair." We do not know how much one person suffers and whether it's more or less than we do. We also don't know whether something we find terrible today isn't life's greatest gift ten years from now.

There are things in life we can control and things we can't. Put your time and energy towards those things you can control.