They originated in Japan the 1700s, as a way to measure the supply & demand of the rice markets:
The candlestick has a wide part, which is called the "real body", and a narrow line called the "shadow":
Patterns are separated into bullish & bearish. Bullish patterns indicate that the price is likely to rise, while bearish patterns indicate that the price is likely to fall. No pattern works all the time, as candlestick patterns represent tendencies in price movement, not guarantees.
As seen in the illustration, the second candle completely overwhelms the prior candle:
The first stick is large & the second one significantly smaller. Also the second candlestick is contained within the body of the first candlestick:
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