Our mind always tries to find shortcuts to save processing power in case we really need it for something else.
So, when a problem comes to us with similar features to one we've solved in the past, the first solutions that come to mind tend to follow similar lines to those past solutions. These first ideas get in the way of finding better solutions.
This cognitive trap that leads inadvertently to less-than-optimal solutions or judgment is called the Einstellung effect.
"The Einstellung effect is a cognitive trap
that prevents us from seeing
better or simpler solutions
to problems we’re trying to solve."
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