The prevailing theory of truth

Philosophers have struggled with the question "What is truth?" from the dawn of time.

The current theory of truth among the public and scientists is that truth corresponds with facts and reality. Many scientists would add that the scientific method is the central system for determining facts and the best tool to find the truth.

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The hardest question ever asked: What is truth?

bigthink.com

Inductive logic is the process of observations, then drawing conclusions from that limited data.

  • In An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (1748), David Hume argues that inductive logic is unjustified as it can fail. If you only notice white swans, it does not mean all swans are white? The next one could be black.
  • In his Critique of Pure Reason (1781), Immanuel Kant says people can't distinguish between reality and our perception of reality. If you see an orange basketball, how do you know it is really orange?

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Science can put people on the moon and give us things like iPads. Science is the best way to understand the material world, but it can't answer the most important questions in life.

For example, science can't say anything substantive about love, beauty, purpose in life, yet they are the driving forces behind most human behaviour. Philosophy (and religion) have lots to say on these topics. Our best attempt to understand the truth is when we pay attention to both.

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