Is Love Biological or Is It a Cultural Phenomenon? - Deepstash
Love. Biological or Cultural?

Many would say that love is one of the most important human emotions. Although it’s one of the most studied behaviors, it’s the least understood. There’s much debate whether love is a biological or cultural phenomenon.

It’s most likely driven and motivated by both biological and cultural influences. Although hormones and biology are important, the way we express and experience love individually, also plays a role about our personal ideas of love.

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Signs of Love

According to researchers, romantic love is made up of three elements:

  • Attachment: Needing to be with another person and desiring physical contact and approval
  • Caring: Valuing the other person's happiness and needs as much as your own
  • Intimacy: Sharing private thoughts, feelings, and desires with the other person

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Types of Love

Psychologists have identified different types of love that people may experience.

They include:

  • Friendship: Liking someone and sharing a certain level of intimacy.
  • Infatuation: Intense feelings of attraction without a sense of commitment; it may eventually deepen into a more lasting love.
  • Passionate Love: Intense feelings of longing and attraction; idealization occurs and there’s often a need for constant physical closeness.
  • Companionate Love: Marked by trust, affection, intimacy, and commitment.
  • Unrequited Love: When one person loves someone who does not return those feelings.

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Love is Both Biological & Cultural
  • Some suggest that love is a basic human emotion, like happiness or anger.
  • Others believe it’s a cultural phenomenon that partly arises from social pressures and expectations.
  • Research has found that romantic love exists in all cultures, which suggests that love has a strong biological component.

It’s a part of human nature to seek out and find love. However, culture can significantly affect how individuals think about, experience, and display romantic love.

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Ways to Practice Love

Every relationship is different and special. Each person brings their own history, needs, and wants.

Some things to show love to the people you care for:

  • Be open to vulnerability
  • Be open to forgiveness
  • Do your best
  • Apologize for your mistakes
  • Let them know that you care
  • Actively listen to what they’re saying
  • Prioritize spending time with them
  • Reciprocate gestures of love and acts of kindness
  • Recognize and acknowledge their good qualities
  • Share things about yourself
  • Show unconditional love and affection

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Impact of Love

Love, attachment, and affection have an important impact on well-being and quality of life.

Loving relationships have been linked to:

  • Decreased risk of heart disease
  • Less risk of dying after a heart attack
  • Better health habits
  • Increased longevity
  • Lower stress levels
  • Less depression
  • Lower risk of diabetes

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Cultivating Love | LKM Technique

Try Loving-Kindness Meditation.

LKM promotes self-acceptance and positive emotions, reduces stress and improves relationships.

It involves meditating while thinking about a person you love or care about, concentrating on warm feelings and your desire for their well-being and happiness.

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Cultivating Love | Communicate

Everyone has different needs. To ensure that your’s and your partner’s needs are met, is to talk about them.

Helping another person feel loved involves communicating through words and deeds. 

Some ways to do this include: showing that you care, making them feel special, telling them they are loved, and doing things for them.

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Cultivating Love | Positive Approach

Approach conflict in a healthy way. Rather than avoid it, focus on working out issues in a healthy way in order to move a relationship forward.

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