The Black Swan Summary 2023 - Deepstash

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The Black Swan Summary

About The Black Swan Book

The Black Swan is a standalone book in Nassim Nicholas Taleb’s landmark Incerto series, an investigation of opacity, luck, uncertainty, probability, human error, risk, and decision-making in a world we don’t understand. The other books in the series are Fooled by Randomness, Antifragile, and The Bed of Procrustes.

A black swan is a highly improbable event with three principal characteristics: It is unpredictable; it carries a massive impact; and, after the fact, we concoct an explanation that makes it appear less random, and more predictable, than it was. The astonishing success of Google was a black swan; so was 9/11. For Nassim Nicholas Taleb, black swans underlie almost everything about our world, from the rise of religions to events in our own personal lives.
 
Why do we not acknowledge the phenomenon of black swans until after they occur? Part of the answer, according to Taleb, is that humans are hardwired to learn specifics when they should be focused on generalities. We concentrate on things we already know and time and time again fail to take into consideration what we don’t know. We are, therefore, unable to truly estimate opportunities, too vulnerable to the impulse to simplify, narrate, and categorize, and not open enough to rewarding those who can imagine the “impossible.”
 
For years, Taleb has studied how we fool ourselves into thinking we know more than we actually do. We restrict our thinking to the irrelevant and inconsequential, while large events continue to surprise us and shape our world. In this revelatory book, Taleb explains everything we know about what we don’t know, and this second edition features a new philosophical and empirical essay, “On Robustness and Fragility,” which offers tools to navigate and exploit a Black Swan world.
 
Elegant, startling, and universal in its applications, The Black Swan will change the way you look at the world. Taleb is a vastly entertaining writer, with wit, irreverence, and unusual stories to tell. He has a polymathic command of subjects ranging from cognitive science to business to probability theory. The Black Swan is a landmark book—itself a black swan.
 
Praise for Nassim Nicholas Taleb
 
“The most prophetic voice of all.”—GQ
 
Praise for The Black Swan
 
“[A book] that altered modern thinking.”The Times (London)
 
“A masterpiece.”—Chris Anderson, editor in chief of Wired, author of The Long Tail
 
“Idiosyncratically brilliant.”—Niall Ferguson, Los Angeles Times
 
The Black Swan changed my view of how the world works.”—Daniel Kahneman, Nobel laureate
 
“[Taleb writes] in a style that owes as much to Stephen Colbert as it does to Michel de Montaigne. . . . We eagerly romp with him through the follies of confirmation bias [and] narrative fallacy.”—The Wall Street Journal
 
“Hugely enjoyable—compelling . . . easy to dip into.”Financial Times
 
“Engaging . . . The Black Swan has appealing cheek and admirable ambition.”—The New York Times Book Review


From the Hardcover edition.

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The Black Swan by Nassim Nicholas Taleb

Overview

Black Swans are not inconsequential anomalies, but a significant phenomenon that shapes the very world we live in. Many historical events that drastically impacted our socities and lives were actually Black Swan events. These incluse the 2 world wars, the fall of the Berlin Wall, the 11 Sep 2001 terrorist attacks, the rise of the Internet or the 2019-2020 Covid pandemic. 

In all these cases, no one could've predicted the events in advance.

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What are Black Swans and why are they important

For thousands of years, it was widely believed that all swans were white. Then in 1697, a Dutch explorer Willem de Vlamingh discovered black swans in Australia, debunking this universal “truth” overnight. The term “Black Swan” has since been used to describe the occurrence of a seemingly-impossible event.

159

Three lessons:

Taleb identifies 3 key features of Black Swans:
Rarity: Black Swans are outliers that can’t be reasonably expected to happen based on past events.
• They have a profound impact on our society/world.
Retrospective predictability: Although the events are unpredictable, humans tend to explain them on hindsight as if they could be perfectly understood and predicted.

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The uncertainties to the world events can b me unpredictable.

Overview

Black swans are not inconsequential anomalies, but a significant phenomenon that shapes the very world we live in. Many historical events that drastically impacted our societies and lives were actually Black Swan events. These include the 2 world wars, the fall of the Berlin Wall, the 11th September 2001 terrorist attacks, the rise of the internet or the 2019 - 2020 Covid pandemic.

In all these cases, no one could’ve predicted the events in advance

18

What Are Black Swans And Why Are They Imp

For thousands of years, it was widely believed that all swans were white. Then in 1697, a Dutch explorer Willem de Vlamingh discovered black swans in Australia, debunking this universal “truth” overnight. The term “Black Swan” has since been used to describe the occurrence of a seemingly impossible event

19

Three Lessons:

Taleb identifies 3 key features of Black Swans:

  • Rarity: Black Swans are outliers that can’t be reasonably expected to happen based on based past events.
  • They have a profound impact on our society/world.
  • Retrospective predictability: Although the events are unpredictable, humans tend to explain then on hindsight as if they could be perfectly understood and predicted.

20

VENU KUMAR

Look for the unpredictable event that will shape your future

VENU KUMAR

4

<p>Thomas Alva Edison is not o...

Thomas Alva Edison is not only famous for his invention of the electric bulb, he is also famous for his perseverance in waiting for the right element to use inside the bulb. The expectation for the successful event and constant trial in that process lit the bulb that we are using now.

4

Ludička zabluda ili štreberska neizvjesnost

Znanje stečeno u učionici često posjeduje nekakvu sterilnu, mračnu kvalitetu koja sprječava razumijevanje zbivanja u stvarnom svijetu. Na testu inteligencije, kao i u bilo kom akademskom okruženju (uključujući i sport), doktor Džon bi umnogome nadmašio debelog Tonija. Ali debeli Toni nadmašio bi doktora Džona u svakoj drugoj mogućoj ekološki stvarnoj situaciji.

Doktor Džon - Tipični primjer ličnosti kojoj je cijeli svijet zasnovan na matematičkom modelu, preciznosti i pedantnosti. Posao i obaveze shvata kranje ozbiljno.

Debeli Toni - Tipični primjer ličnosti koji je veoma daleko od štrebera. Uspješan je, vedre naravi, druželjubiv. Ima zapanjujuću naviku da novac zarađuje bez napora, iz zabave, bez natezanja.

1

Klasifikovanje Crnog labuda

Četiri kriterijuma za klasifikovanje događaja kao dogadaja crnog labuda.

Veoma je teško odlučiti da li bi rijedak događaj trebalo da bude klasifikovan kao dogadaj crnog labuda ili ne.

Generalno, da bi dogadaj bio klasifikovan kao crni labud, trebalo bi da ispunjava četiri kriterijuma.

1

2. Blokbaster - Crni labud

Događaj bi trebalo da bude blokbaster - ogroman, kao što je epidemija španske gripe.

1

The strategy for the discoverers and entrepreneurs is to rely less on top-down planning and focus on maximum tinkering and recognizing opportunities when they present themselves.

NASSIM THALEB

2

Planning and Opportunities

The occurring of Black Swan in our lives makes planning sometimes obsolete, Thaleb on his book suggests that contrary to top down planning of everything, an entrepreneur or discoverers should take actions whenever the opportunity comes

1

Predictions and Planning in an increasing Entropic world

Nothing Is 100% Cert

Black Swans are not inconsequential anomalies, but a significant phenomenon that shapes the very world we live in. Many historical events that drastically impacted our socities and lives were actually Black Swan events. These incluse the 2 world wars, the fall of the Berlin Wall, the 11 Sep 2001 terrorist attacks, the rise of the Internet or the 2019-2020 Covid pandemic.

In all these cases, no one could've predicted the events in advance.

1

Don't use your past to explain the future.

Based on the only things we can be certain of - what has happened in our lives in the past - we weave a narrative that makes sense and expect that the future simply must unfold this way. For example, imagine you're a turkey and for years you live on a farm, get to roam free every day and are fed great food by a farmer. Why would you expect anything to change? But if tomorrow's Thanksgiving, you're just 24 hours away from getting killed, stuffed and roasted.

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