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In the earlier times, conspiracy theories were a convenient way to cover up the inadequacies of the government, and putting a set of helpless people as a scapegoat, cloaking the misdeeds or mismanagement of those holding the ranks.
In 331 B.C., an epidemic was hidden in Rome, using a false story of mass poisoning by some women. Even now, in the current 2020 pandemic there are conspiracy theories doing the rounds, like a virus disease being spread by the telecommunications industry.
When people feel threatened and out of control, it’s natural to want to feel more control and bring order to the randomness . Some people resort to conspiracy theories to feel in control.
Experts say that by stepping back and evaluating what makes these theories seem plausible to certain people, we can engage in a more productive dialogue.
There is a branch of philosophy concerned specifically with how we justify our beliefs. The chief concern of "epistemic justification" is determining what counts as a good reason for believing something and how we come about those reasons. While there is a smorgasbord of different theories, one of the bigger is known as "coherentism."
Coherentism is a view that settles for circular reasoning. It does so knowingly because the alternatives are just as bad, if not worse.
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