Critique of Freud's theory of personality - Deepstash

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Critique of Freud's theory of personality

  • Freud's theory oversimplifies the complexity of human nature.
  • Freud taught that the superego develops in childhood because children are afraid of punishment and pain. But research shows that children who fear punishment the most do not develop morality, but just want to avoid being caught and punished.

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Freud proposed that the human psyche comprises three separate but related parts that form a person's personality.

Id is already seen at birth and is directed by instinct, desire and need.

The ego is the mediator between the id, the superego, and reality. The ego works out how to meet the id's needs while upholding social reality and the moral standards of the superego.

Just like the id, the ego strives for pleasure, but realistically. Ego ensures to keep id in check and express it in socially acceptable ways. The ego may delay gratification, compromise, or anything else that will avoid the negative consequences of going against the norm.

Freud's work is often viewed with scepticism as it was based on observations and case studies of his patients, not on empirical research.

The superego controls the id and tries to get the ego to aspire to moralistic standards. The superego emerges between the ages of 3 and 5 and differentiates between right and wrong.

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