Hygiene - Parameters of Comparison - Deepstash

Hygiene - Parameters of Comparison

  •  Refers to: It refers to good and healthy living achieved by taking personal care.
  •  Emphasis: Purely on an individual.
  •  About: All about personal cleanliness.
  •  Concept: The concept is related to a single human body.
  •  Importance: It is important to prevent the spread of pathogens.
  •  Characteristic: Solely the human beings.

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MORE IDEAS FROM Difference Between Hygiene and Sanitation (With Table)

What is Hygiene?

The spread of diseases can be controlled if good personal hygiene is maintained. These practices protect the body from the accumulation of pathogenic bacteria.

In women, at the time of menstruation, it is very important to maintain personal hygiene to prevent diseases like cystitis. 

The common ways of achieving personal hygiene are by taking a bath, brushing the teeth, and washing the hands.

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Hygiene vs Sanitation

The difference between hygiene and sanitation is that hygiene is all about taking personal care

Sanitation is all about taking care of the cleanliness of society as a whole. Hygiene keeps an individual healthy but sanitation keeps the whole society healthy

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What is Sanitation?

Sanitation, according to WHO, means the safe disposal of human faeces and urine and the adequate provision of facilities and services.

  • Sanitation would be effective if they are started from the household level.
  • Good sanitation is important as it provides a lifetime solution for dangerous contamination and communicable diseases.
  • Areas with high-density people should be handled carefully. Otherwise, the spread of diseases would be dynamic and devastating.

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  • Refers to: It refers to good healthy living, which is achieved by preventing man from garbage contacting.
  • Emphasis: Purely on the whole society.
  • About: All about managing the garbage and wastes produced by humans.
  • Concept: This concept combines the cleanliness of society as a whole.
  • Importance: It is related to the disposal of garbage surrounding humans.
  • Characteristic: It is for the garbage and wastes surrounding men.

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In today’s world, the majority of people fear diseases than they fear ghosts. 

  • Sanitation in the global context refers to the safe disposal ways of human urine, faeces. 
  • Hygiene focuses on diseases and health.
  • Both sanitation and hygiene try to create a disease-free world, which would be filled with healthy human beings. 
  • To achieve a disease-free world, people need to follow hygiene and sanitation practices as a daily practice. Thus, people won’t be confused between the words like sanitation and hygiene.

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Urban sanitation

Mohenjo-Daro is a city in today's Pakistan that pioneered new standards of urban sanitation. Mohenjo-Daro was the earliest and largest urban center of the ancient Indus Valley civilization, constructed circa 2500 BCE.

The people of the Indus Valley civilization invented new water supply and sanitation devices, including piping and a complex sewage system. Most of the city's houses had indoor baths and latrines with drains. This civilization is thought even to surpass the plumbing system of the later Roman civilization.

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Cleaning hands

Studies show that improving handwashing at 10 of the world’s leading airports could slow the spread of infectious diseases.

On average, only 20 percent of people in airports have clean hands - hands washed with soap and water, not just rinsed. The other 80 percent are potentially contaminating everything they touch, from chair armrests, check-in kiosks, security checkpoint trays, and restroom doorknobs and faucets.

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1. Each part of the immune system has a unique function.  

“Think of the immune system like the military, each part has a different role"

The first line of defense is the white blood cells, who are first to recognise pathogens and fight off infection. Lymphocytes, a specific type of white blood cell, work to allow the body to remember the invading microbes to fight them faster in future infections. 

Other parts of the immune system include the bone marrow, where white blood cells are produced; lymph nodes, which produce and store infection-fighting cells throughout the body; and the spleen, which helps control and clean the amount of blood in the body.

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Was learning about communicable diseases in biology, and found the process of immunity really interesting in the context of the COVID 19 pandemic.

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