The more a particular issue is wrapped up in your identity, the harder it is for you to think clearly about it.
Also, when people are exposed to evidence that contradicts their identities or tribal affiliations, they’ll actually double down and become more confident in whatever they believed. This is why it’s important when trying to think clearly, to avoid identifying with any particular tribe.
MORE IDEAS FROM THE ARTICLE
It’s easy to sell out or self-censor because you’re afraid of (a) financial or (b) status pushback.
The cure might be to hold fame and financial success in low regard.
The clearest thinkers tend to be those that draw from multiple disciplines.
Develop the habit of reading and eliminate/reduce the things that might stop you from doing that (e.g. mindless TV watching or checking social media constantly).
Confusing models with reality is a cardinal sin of clear thinking.
If you believe too strongly in your models of the world, you can start to ignore evidence that your model is wrong.
The basic idea is that when you reward people for a particular measure — clicks, dollars, likes, etc. — people will find a way to “game” the system.
For example: If journalism is fueled by clicks, journalists are going to write sensationalist clickbait.
Common Errors While In The Company of Others
• Talking about yourself too much.
• Asking questions only for the sake of discovering secrets and expose someone else's mistakes.
• Telling a scripted story and being oblivious to the fact that other people don't care or being aware that others don't care, but still continues to tell the story.
• Seeing a conversation as a possible chance to debate or fight. It makes other people walk on eggshells in order to avoid disputes.
• Mocking someone for their misfortunes, defects, and deformities of any kind.
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