They are shortcut strategies that save time and effort by focusing our attention and simplifying the way we process information. The rules aren’t universal- they’re tailored to the particular situation and the person using them. We use simple rules to guide decision making every day.
It is the best advice you can give. No one has exactly the same story or list of experiences as you, so that’s what makes your advice truly unique. Inject emotion to your message. Emotion is what can make your advice feel universal.
If you feel compelled to give direct advice, do it. Some friends truly want and need to hear your opinion. Honest feedback, even when it may be hard to hear, can be just the tonic they need. Emphasize that your friend can take your advice or leave it.
9 Ways to Be There for a Friend, Without Giving Advice