Types of Thinking - Deepstash
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Types of Thinking

Types of Thinking

  • Linear Thinking. This involves looking for a cause and effect. It is a one-to-one solution that tells us that there is a beginning and an end to everything
  • Event Oriented Thinking. This kind of thinking assumes that life is made up of a series of events and that if we change the cause, then we can change the event.
  • Lateral Thinking. This is creative thinking that trains the brain to subconsciously think in a certain way.
  • Critical Thinking. In critical thinking, facts are analyzed in an objective way so that judgment can be reached
  • System Thinking. The study and analysis of systems.


2.05K reads




In terms of systems, escalation is a reinforcing loop that is created when actors try to compete to get ahead of one another.

Escalation is connected to achieving a positive goal. But when escalation erodes relationships within systems, it is not a good thing.

For ins...


988 reads


It is impossible to know the behavior of a system just by knowing the parts that make up that system



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How To Shift From Linear Thinking Patterns to System Thinking

The first step in shifting from linear thinking to system thinking is to ask if something is actually the problem or a symptom of something deeper. 

Linear thinking focuses on solving a problem while system thinking digs deeper to see if systematic issues exist.


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The Elements of System Thinking

The Elements of System Thinking

Systems are made up of three parts: elements, interconnections, and a function or purpose.

Elements are the actors in the system.

  • Interconnections are the different relationships between the elements. In our example of the circulatory system, the relationship...


2.21K reads

Ten Enemies of System Thinking

Ten Enemies of System Thinking

  • Let’s fix it quick.
  • Put a band-aid on it.  
  • Budgeting. 
  • Responding right away.
  • Who cares? Being apathetic is a sign that the organization is not willing to engage in systematic thinkin...


1.52K reads

Systems And System Thinking

Systems And System Thinking

A system is anything that has interacting and interconnected parts.

The human body is an example of a system. It reacts to the environment and is composed of many interdependent parts such as the brain, digestive, and circulatory systems.

Systems thinking


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The Competitive Exclusion Principle

It is impossible to have two species living in the same ecological niche surviving on the same resources. One will be forced out. 

The competitive exclusion principle explains why governments are required to intervene in markets because, without such interventions, monopolies would dominate...


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The Key To Better Relations Using Systems Thinking

Thinking of our relationship as a system and stock mean that both partners are feedback loops. We look for any changes that may have happened recently and analyze whether the system dynamics have changed.

By applying system thinking to relationship problems you will be able to take...


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The Rich Always Get Richer: The Answer To The Riddle

The Rich Always Get Richer: The Answer To The Riddle

Winning creates a powerful feedback loop that reinforces gains that have already been achieved.

For example:

Teams that win championships receive more TV revenues and showtime. As a result, they get more fans and even more money. This allows them to ...


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Check The Nature Of Issue

  • Check the amount of time and energy devoted to solving it. If you are spending more time and energy than is needed, you are likely dealing with a symptom rather than the real issue
  • When people with the power to solve the issue ignore it, and would rather spend their time complaining,...


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Understanding System Behaviour

Understanding System Behaviour

  • Stocks serve as the base of every system. Stocks are sorts of snapshots in time, showing a current view of the changing flows in the system. The changing nature of stocks keeps the system alive.
  • Flows are actions that impact the system. Examples of...


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Falling Systems

Systems can be stuck in a negative loop that risks killing off the entire system. This happens when there is an erosion of goals and expectations.

One way to fight the negative loop is to maintain absolute standards no matter what happens to performance.  The second way is to set performanc...


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Levels of System Maturity

Levels of System Maturity

  • Level 0 – Unawareness. You are completely unaware of the system thinking concept
  • Level 1 – Shallow Awareness. You are aware of system thinking but do not show any depth of understanding
  • Level 2 - Deep Awareness. You are a...


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Systems Errors

Systems Errors

  • When behaviour patterns of a system are stuck in time, change can be difficult and you get policy resistance. 
  • Policy resistance arises when the goals of the subsystems do not match.
  • When the goals are inconsistent, they end up competing with each other. The system ends up be...


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System Thinking in Relationships

System Thinking in Relationships

The four communications styles that end relationships:

  • Criticism. Criticism will leave your partner feeling attacked and rejected
  • Contempt. Communicating with contempt leaves the other person feeling unloved and unappreciate...


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System thinking is being able to examine and analyze ourselves and things around us with the express purpose of being able to improve upon them.

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Vertical thinking vs lateral thinking

  • Vertical thinking is the traditional type of thinking where one moves forward by sequential steps and where each step must be justified.
  • Lateral thinking is the process of generating new ideas. It teaches you how to look at a problem from a differe...

The Cobra Effect

Most of us have a simple, cause-to-effect relationship with our surroundings and the events that unfold in our lives. We try to solve problems using a linear-thinking model, resulting in inconstant consequences. This is known as The Cobra Effect.

Linear thinking as...

Benefits of Counterfactual Thinking

  • Counterfactual thinking makes us look at the events from multiple angles, making us mentally experience it from a different spectrum.
  • Thinking with a counterfactual bend of mind boosts creativity in solving future challenges.
  • It helps the ...


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