Robotic surgery is another option that has been used routinely on Earth and tested for planetary excursions.
During Neemo 7, a series of missions in the underwater habitat Aquarius in Florida Keys by Nasa, surgery by a robot controlled from another lab was successfully used to remove a fake gallbladder and kidney stone from a fake body.
However, the lag in communications in space will make remote control a problem. Ideally, surgical robots would need to be autonomous.
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But how likely is it that an astronaut will actually need surgery?
For a crew of seven people, researchers estimate that there will be an average of one surgical emergency every 2.4 years during a Mars mission.
The main causes include injury, appendicitis, gallbladder inflammation or ...
As well as distance, the extreme environment faced during transit to and on Mars includes
This is tough on astronauts’ bodies and takes time getting used to.
We already know ...
Surgery in microgravity is possible and has already been carried out, albeit not on humans yet.
For example, astronauts have managed to repair rat tails and perform laparoscopy – a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to examine and repair the organs inside the abdomen – on animals, w...
When orbiting or settled on Mars, however, we would ideally need a hypothetical “traumapod”, with radiation shielding, surgical robots, advanced life support and restraints.
This would be a dedicated module with filtered air supply and a computer to aid in diagnosis and treatment.
The surgeries carried out in space so far have revealed that a large amount of support equipment is essential. This is a luxury the crew may not have on a virgin voyage to Mars.
You cannot take much equipment on a rocket. It has therefore been suggested that a 3D printer could use materials...
There is a wealth of research and preparation for the possible event of a surgical emergency during a Mars mission, but there are many unknowns, especially when it comes to diagnostics and anaesthesia. Ultimately, prevention is better than surgery. So selecting healthy crew and developing the eng...
One problem was that, during open surgery, the intestines would float around, obscuring the view of the surgical field. To deal with this, space travellers should opt for minimally invasive surgical techniques, such as keyhole surgery, ideally occurring within patients’ internal cavities through ...
Bodily fluids will also behave differently in space and on Mars. The blood in our veins may stick to instruments due to surface tension.
Floating droplets may form streams that could restrict the surgeon’s view- not ideal.
The circulating air of an enclosed cabin may also be an inf...
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I have been researching about the future of healthcare and how it would change over the coming years with the evolving technologies and the growing population. This context may be way into the future, but it is interesting to consider how space medicine can be possible, as you need more than a rocket to venture out in space!
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