Discovery slowed while bacteria are growing resistant - Deepstash

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Discovery slowed while bacteria are growing resistant

Over the last 40 years, few new antibiotics were discovered. At the same time, bacteria are developing antibiotic resistance, where antibiotics are less able to damage the cells of bacteria.

  • Vancomycin was first prescribed in 1972, and then vancomycin-resistant bacteria surfaced in 1988.
  • Imipenem came out in 1985, and resistance was seen in 1998.
  • Daptomycin came out in 2003, and resistance was noticed by 2004.

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Next time you're sick, double-check with your doctor to ensure an antibiotic is necessary. If it is, follow the prescription instructions to kill the bacteria and prevent mutation.

In the US, 70 percent of all antibiotics sold are used to fight off infections in livestock and increase their growth. Antibiotics are used in the farming of fish, shrimp, and fruits like apples, pears, and citrus.

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A 2019 report from the World Health Organization pointed out that at least 700,000 people are dying of drug-resistant diseases each year.

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  • Penicillin was the first widely-used antibiotic. It was discovered in 1928 by Alexander Fleming, a bacteriologist.
  • He noticed that the staph cells he'd been studying in a petri dish had died, and an unusual mold was growing in it.
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Antibiotics work by attacking a bacteria cell. If the bacteria are not killed, the cell will fight for survival. The use of an antibiotic then increases the possibility of a bacteria cell mutating to gain resistance.

According to the US Center for Disease Control, 30 percent of antibiotic prescriptions in the US are unnecessary.

Antibiotics may lose their ability to treat bacterial infections.

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