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Primary mental abilities

Louis L. Thurstone (1887-1955) didn't approach intelligence as a single, general ability; his theory focused on seven different primary mental abilities:

  • Associative memory: The capacity to memorize and recollect.
  • Numerical ability: The capacity to solve arithmetic problems.
  • Perceptual speed: The capacity to see differences and similarities among objects.
  • Reasoning: The capacity to find rules.
  • Spatial visualization: The capacity to visualize relationships.
  • Verbal comprehension: The capacity to define and understand words
  • Word fluency: The capacity to produce words rapidly.

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MORE IDEAS FROM THE SAME ARTICLE

  • Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence: the capacity to control your body and handle objects skillfully.
  • Interpersonal intelligence: the capacity to find and respond in the right way to the moods, motivations, and desires of other people.

Present approaches suggest that intelligence means having the capacity to:

Charles Spearman (British psychologist, 1863–1945) described a concept he referred to as general intelligence or the "g factor". He utilized the method named 'factor analysis' to investigate a few mental ability tests; his conclusion was that the results and scores on these tests were very simila...

Robert Sternberg (American psychologist) proposed the concept "successful intelligence; this concept involves three different factors:

  • The term IQ was first formulated in the early 20th century by William Stern (a German psychologist).
  • Psychologist Alfred Binet developed the first intelligence tests to help the French government identify kids who needed extra academic help.
  • Although widely used, there con...

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