There are two types of counterfactual thinking: upward and downward counterfactual thinking.
MORE IDEAS FROM THE ARTICLE
Even though counterfactual thinking can be used to motivate us to make better choices we should always keep in mind to focus on the present and the future instead of the past.
Our moods and emotions play a powerful role in our behavioral choices and health.
Extensive studies show that sadness is related to tobacco use, with people wanting to puff away more frequently while being sad.
This new finding suggests smoking may not just be a habit, but deeply entwined with our emotions, and can be beneficial for future anti-smoking programs.
The so-called 'I can't wait!' change refers to the situation when you are excited about taking on a new job, getting married and all these big changes that you decide to undergo throughout your life.
It does not only require enthusiasm, but also a big amount of realism and sacrifice, as you are mainly getting out of your comfort zone.
More and more researchers across specialties are questioning our current definitions of depression. Biological anthropologists have argued that depression is an adaptive response to adversity and not a mental disorder.
According to the Polyvagal Theory of the autonomic nervous system, depression is part of a biological defense strategy meant to help us survive. This biological strategy is called immobilization, and it manifests in the mind and the body with a set of symptoms we call depression.