deepstash

Beta

How (and Why) Hurricanes Get Their Names | HowStuffWorks

Why hurricanes have names

Names are easier to remember than numbers and technical terms. It is easier for the media to report on, and for people to pay attention to, than if a hurricane was named, for example, Hurrican Two.

  • The names come in alphabetical order from a set of six lists.
  • The names used in 2020 (Arthur, Bertha, Cristobal, etc.) will come around again in 2026.
  • The letters beginning with Q, U, X, Y, Z are omitted.
  • If forecasters run out of the alphabet, they turn to the Greek alphabet.
  • If a storm was particularly devastating, then those names are retired, such as Hurrican Andrew, Hugo, and Katrina.

9 SAVES

62 READS

EXPLORE MORE AROUND THESE TOPICS:

SIMILAR ARTICLES & IDEAS:

Emotions: A Primer
Emotions: A Primer

Basic emotions like anger, surprise, disgust, joy, fear and sadness are thought to be universal, and a naturally-occuring reflexive response to a given situation, event or circumstance.

New...

Kinds Of Emotions
  • In Psychology, emotions can be either the result of an experience of a situation, or a certain perception of changes that occur within our bodies.
  • There are higher emotions like self-awareness, self-consciousness, and an increased sense of empathy or compassion for others.
  • Moral emotions include pride, guilt, shame and embarrassment.
Reasons We Experience Emotions

Emotions are a basic response to change, both internal and external, sometimes simultaneously. While our mood lasts for hours or even days, emotions are fleeting, like waves.

Emotions are a spontaneous, motivating agent of change, making us act in our most natural, human way, before the mind comes in the picture, which looks at other signals before reacting.

The placebo effect
The placebo effect

The placebo effect happens when a person takes medication that he thinks will help, but the medication has not been proven to be effective for the specific condition.

The subject-expectancy effect

When people know what the result of taking a pill is supposed to be, they might unconsciously change their reaction to cause that result or report that result has taken place even if it hasn't.

However, studies show that a placebo doesn't trick the brain - the brain reacts differently to a drug than a placebo. A 2004 study showed that the expectation of pain relief causes the brain's relief system to activate.

Placebos in research

Placebos are often used in clinical drug trials to determine how well a potential medicine will work.

  • There are two different groups of subjects in a placebo-controlled trial - one receives the experimental drug and the other the placebo. Neither researchers nor subjects know which group is receiving the real drug or the placebo.
  • Some researchers are questioning the placebo-controlled trial. Not everyone thinks a drug is ineffective if the placebo performs better.
  • Other critics of the placebo-controlled trial state it's wrong to attribute all positive outcomes to the placebo because many illnesses can resolve without any treatment.
  • When a patient takes a placebo and experiences adverse side effects, it's called a nocebo effect. Patients taking active drugs have also been known to have side effects that can't be directly attributed to the drug.
Contagious yawning
Contagious yawning

Whenever someone yawns near you, you may find it near impossible not to yawn.

New studies found the reason we battle to stop a yawn appears to reside in the brain area that's responsibl...

Yawning and brain activity

The urge to yawn increases when you try to stop yourself from doing so.

The tendency to yawn in return is linked to brain activity levels in a person's motor cortex. The more activity in the area, the more likely the person would be to yawn.