Memory And The Brain - Deepstash

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PART 1: Learn How to Memorize - Top 6 Memorization Techniques

Memory And The Brain

Memory is the brain’s way of integrating sensory-motor information into a symbolic representation that allows prediction of future occurrences. To better memorize it’s important to engage with the material in a way that complements how the brain performs this task.

The brain evolved to remember things that are living, active, colourful, vivid, and engaging, thus our difficulty to remember abstract things. But there are techniques that allows us to make it easier to memorize any kind of information.

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PART 1: Learn How to Memorize - Top 6 Memorization Techniques

PART 1: Learn How to Memorize - Top 6 Memorization Techniques

https://oneclass.com/blog/york-university/4671-part-1%3A-learn-how-to-memorize---top-6-memorization-techniques.en.html

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Key Ideas

Connect & Link (The Link Method)

This memorization technique involves creating associations between items in a list and assigning images to each connection to help you memorize better. 

For instance, your accounting exam is tomorrow and you need to memorize which items fall under the Current Asset section of a balance sheet (Cash, Inventories, Accounts receivable, Prepaid expenses).

Make a Story (The Story Method)

This approach is really similar to the Link Method. While you create a bunch of different images between each two items using the Link Method, you combine everything into one big picture with the Story Method. This technique helps you memorize the sequence of the images and hence the order of the items. 

Associate Objects with Familiar Locations (The Loci Method)

You can use this memorization method by associating terms or list items with familiar locations. 

Make these images as absurd, comical, sensory (e.g. can incorporate sounds, smells, tastes), and vivid as possible for best results. This is a centuries-old method started by ancient Romans and is still used today by many World Memory Champions.

Peg Objects to a Number (The Peg System)

This is useful system for memorizing lists in a particular order. There are 2 steps:

  1. Step 1 requires you to memorize words that are easy to associate with numbers (e.g. 1 to 5). You can use words that rhyme with the number, or shapes that resemble the number. 
  2. Once this peglist is memorized, you can now associate the words with the list of objects you need to memorize.

Draw a Mind Map

For memorizing any structured concepts or information, mind maps work well by laying out the structure and making the flow of information more clear.

If you are struggling to memorizing the whole decision making process in the correct order for the short answer section on your upcoming psychology exam, or anything similar, you should try out this method!

How To Create Rooms In a Memory Palace

  1. Bring to mind a room that you are very familiar with. 
  2. As you walk into the room you’re familiar with, the corner over your left shoulder is number 1. Then, moving clockwise round the room, the next wall is number 2. And so on, so that there are 8 numbers. 9 will be the floor and 10 the ceiling.
  3. To speed up recall and make it more vivid, number 10 pieces of paper 1 through 10, and draw them at random. Identify the location associated with the drawn number in your mental room as quickly as possible and think of all that is usually there.
  4. Once your room is clear in your mind, incorporate into the room objects that are symbolically representative of the information you want to remember by using senses, emotions and actions to create a little narrative involving the object and the place.
  5. You can add more rooms as needed. Continue the count, using the same over the left shoulder, clockwise routine: 1, 10, 11, 20, 21, 30, etc. 

EXPLORE MORE AROUND THESE TOPICS:

SIMILAR ARTICLES & IDEAS:

The Science of Memory
  1. Encoding - the stage when the brain consciously acknowledges information based on our senses. When we attach meaning or factual knowledge to any of this sensory input, that'...
Lifestyle Changes That Can Improve Memory
  • Get a good night's sleep or take a power nap after learning something new, to help retain and retrieve memories better. Sleep deprivation and acquisition of too much information will not help you save those memories.
  • Get moving, to improve the flow of oxygen-rich blood in your brain and to trigger neuron growth and new connections in the brain - critical for memory.
  • Improve your diet. Fats from food can build up the brain, resulting to poor blood flow.
Mnemonics

Any system or device designed to aid memory:

  • patterns of letters or words (common mnemonics)
  • ideas (memory palace)
  • associations (chunking)

4 more ideas

1. The Loci Technique

Also known as “The Memory Palace, it consists of associating each item you’re trying to remember with a specific image and a place. You can imagine the items lying around in places that have...

2. Mnemonics

Acronyms, music (very effective) or rhyme, or sentences of words that start with the same letter as the items you are trying to memorize are all mnemonic techniques that help you to remember and retrieve information.

3. The Storytelling Technique

Stories encompass all the qualities of information that makes our brain love and remember it: vivid and colorful picture and engaging plotlines about other beings that are alive.

By creating a narrative that is interesting to and include items you need to memorize, you create a story your brain can follow.

6 more ideas

Note-taking: a powerful tool for learning
  • Notes extend your memories: writing can be seen as an external enhancement of your brain, allowing you to think more complicated thoughts and solve harder problems.
  • Not...
Figure out your purpose

Ask yourself why are you reading:

  • What am I trying to remember? 
  • How am I going to use this information? (e.g. on a test, cited in an essay, etc.)
  • What do I plan to do with the notes later? Will you be studying off of them extensively? Or maybe you’re just taking notes to stay focused, and it’s highly unlikely you’ll look through them after?
Strategies for note-taking
  • Jot notes in the margin. These aren’t particularly searchable, but they allow you to reiterate the main idea.
  • Keep a small notepad on the side, take breaks each section to jot down the main ideas. 
  • Create flashcards. In the rarer situations where memorization of details is important, then a simple strategy can be to just create flashcards while you take notes. 

3 more ideas