Brewing Styles

Brewing Styles

Not all coffee is brewed in the same way. Different brewing styles can cause changes in the flavor and strength of the drink. Here are just a few brewing styles that you may incorporate in your shop:

  • Drip Brew: Ground coffee is added to a brew basket and placed in an automatic coffee machine for this brewing style. Gravity is used to pass water through the grounds, resulting in a traditional cup of coffee.
  • Pour Over: This brewing style is achieved by pouring boiling water slowly through coffee grounds as they sit in a filter basket. The coffee then drips into a single cup, resulting in a potent brew.
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Iced Coffee

Iced coffees become very popular in the summertime in the United States. The recipes do have some variance, with some locations choosing to interchange milk with water in the recipe. Often, different flavoring syrups will be added per the preference of the customer.

  • Ratio: 2 oz. drip coffee or espresso + 4 oz. of ice + 4-6 oz of milk or water + flavoring syrup to taste
  • Cup: 14 oz. Mixing Glass

The breve provides a decadent twist on the average espresso, adding steamed half-and-half to create a rich and creamy texture.

  • Ratio: 1 shot of espresso + 3 oz. of steamed half-and-half + 1 cm of foam
  • Cup: 5-7 oz. Low Cup

Americanos are popular breakfast drinks and thought to have originated during World War II. Soldiers would add water to their coffee to extend their rations farther. The water dilutes the espresso while still maintaining a high level of caffeine.

More Brewing Styles
  • Cold Brew: For this method, coarsely ground coffee is placed in room temperature water and allowed to steep for an extended period of time. This results in a less bitter, highly caffeinated brew.
  • Espresso: To achieve an espresso brew, you'll need an espresso or cappuccino machine. These machines pass pressurized hot water through a filter containing dark roasted finely ground coffee beans. The force of the water produces a highly concentrated coffee shot. This is the method most commonly used for the base of coffee drinks.
  • Ristretto: Brewed in a similar method to the espresso, pressurized water is passed through the coffee grounds. However, you would use half the amount of water. The shorter brewing cycle creates a more concentrated and darker shot of espresso.
Cafe Latte

Cafe lattes are considered an introductory coffee drink since the acidity and bitterness of coffee are cut by the amount of milk in the beverage. Flavoring syrups are often added to the latte for those who enjoy sweeter drinks.

Flat White

A flat white also originates from New Zealand and Australia and is very similar to a cappuccino but lacks the foam layer and chocolate powder. To keep the drink creamy rather than frothy, steamed milk from the bottom of the jug is used instead of from the top.

  • Ratio: 1 shot of espresso + 4 oz. of steamed milk
  • Cup: 6 oz. Glass Tumbler

Affogatos are more for a dessert coffee than a drink you would find at a cafe, but they can add a fun twist to your menu. They are made by pouring a shot of espresso over a scoop of vanilla ice cream to create a sweet after-meal treat.


This creamy coffee drink is usually consumed at breakfast time in Italy and is loved in the United States as well. It is usually associated with indulgence and comfort because of its thick foam layer and additional flavorings that can be added to it.

  • Ratio: 1-2 shots of espresso + 2 oz. of steamed milk + 2 oz. of foamed milk + a sprinkling of chocolate powder (optional)
  • Cup: 6-8 oz. Cappuccino Mug
Cafe au Lait

The cafe au lait is typically made with French press coffee instead of an espresso shot to bring out the different flavors in the coffee. It is then paired with scalded milk instead of steamed milk and poured at a 50/50 ratio.

  • Ratio: 5 oz. French press coffee + 5 oz. scalded milk
  • Cup: 12 oz. Coffee Mug

The cortado takes the macchiato one step further by evenly balancing the espresso with warm milk in order to reduce the acidity.

  • Ratio: 1 shot of espresso + 1 oz. of warm milk + 1 cm of foam
  • Cup: 5 oz. Rocks Glass

The word “macchiato” means mark or stain. This is in reference to the mark that steamed milk leaves on the surface of the espresso as it is dashed into the drink. Flavoring syrups are often added to the drink according to customer preference.

  • Ratio: 1 shot of espresso + 1 to 2 teaspoons of steamed milk
  • Cup: 3 oz. Glass Espresso Cup
Long Macchiato

Often confused with a standard macchiato, the long macchiato is a taller version and will usually be identifiable by its distinct layers of coffee and steamed milk.

  • Ratio: 2 shots of espresso + 2 to 4 teaspoons of steamed milk
  • Cup: 5 oz. Rocks Glass
Long Black

The long black is a similar coffee drink to the americano, but it originated in New Zealand and Australia. It generally has more crema than an americano.

  • Ratio: 2 shots of espresso + 3 oz. of hot water
  • Cup: 6-8 oz. Glass Coffee Mug

There are a few variations on the Vienna, but one of the most common is made with two ingredients: espresso and whipped cream. The whipped cream takes the place of milk and sugar to provide a creamy texture.

  • Ratio: 1-2 shots of espresso + 2 oz. of whipped cream
  • Cup: 4-5 oz. Espresso Mug
Red Eye

The red eye's purpose is to add a boost of caffeine to your standard cup of coffee.

  • Ratio: 1 shot of espresso + 6 oz. of drip-brewed coffee
  • Cup: 8 oz. Coffee Mug

The mocha is considered a coffee and hot chocolate hybrid. The chocolate powder or syrup gives it a rich and creamy flavor and cuts the acidity of the espresso.

  • Ratio: 1 shot of espresso + 1-2 oz. of chocolate syrup/powder + 1-3 oz. of steamed milk + 2-3 cm of foam or whipped cream
  • Cup: 6-8 oz. Irish Coffee Mug
Black Eye

The black eye is just the doubled version of the red-eye and is very high in caffeine.

  • Ratio: 2 shots of espresso + 6 oz. of drip-brewed coffee
  • Cup: 8-10 oz. Coffee Mug

The espresso, also known as a short black, is approximately 1 oz. of highly concentrated coffee. Although simple in appearance, it can be difficult to master.

Double Espresso

A double espresso may also be listed as doppio, which is the Italian word for double. This drink is highly concentrated and strong.

  • Ratio: 2 shots of espresso
  • Cup: 3-4 oz. Demitasse Cup

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Coffee brewing

In years passed, coffee drinkers didn't know how coffee was produced or brewed. Coffee was cheap, tasted bitter, and was purposed for medicine or fuel. But over the decades, coffee has been elevated to craft level.

Filter or drip coffee can taste smooth and sweet like chocolate or taste fruity. The expansion of flavours is partly due to new roasting techniques. Roasting at relatively low temperatures for a shorter time tends to bring out the flavours of the bean itself and where it was grown.

How to enjoy coffee | Psyche Guides

Milky espresso drinks
  • A cappuccino is milky, foamy and equally caffeinated.
  • A latte is a shot of espresso and steamed milk with a tiny amount of foam.
  • A flat white is like a latte, but made with a velvety, steamed micro-foam milk.
  • A Mocha is a latte with chocolate flavouring.

How To Order The Coffee Drink You Want Without Sounding Like A Tool

  • In Europe, iced coffee is more like a Frappuccino - a coffee milkshake with whipped cream, chocolate syrup, and crushed ice.
  • The Japanese method involves brewing hot coffee and pouring it over ice, drawing out its fruity tastes.
  • Cold brewing consists of mixing coffee grounds and water and letting it sit in the fridge for at least 12 hours. It is more caffeinated and has a nutty, chocolatey, and less acidic flavour.

When Did Iced Coffee Start and Why Is It More Expensive? A Complete Guide To Your Springtime Buzz

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