How to respond to false premises - Deepstash
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How to respond to false premises

When you respond to the use of false premises, you should generally call them out as false, explain why they're false, and how them being false invalidates the argument.

  • False premises can be implicit rather than explicit.
  • It can also be helpful to ask the person who relied on the false premise to support it.
  • However, remember that a false premise that makes an argument logically unsound doesn't mean its conclusion is wrong.

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False premises and logical fallacies

A logical fallacy is reasoning that contains a flaw.

Many logical fallacies rely on false premises:

  • Appeal to nature - claiming something is good because it is "natural". Some natural things, like cyanide, is very bad for you.

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Explicit and implicit premises

  • An explicit premise is when a premise is mentioned directly as part of an argument.
  • An implicit premise means that the premise is hinted at and used as part of the argument.

Someone might choose to rely on a particular implicit premi...

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A false premise

... is a faulty assumption that becomes the basis of an argument and makes it logically unsound. For example, all birds can fly. Penguins can't fly. Therefore, penguins aren't birds. The premise that all birds can fly is false since some birds can't fly.

A...

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How to avoid using false premises

  • Ensure that you're aware of all the premises your argument is based on and that you know that your premises are true.
  • You can engage in self-distancing by treating your arguments as if they're presented by someone else. This can help you rationally...

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How to avoid using false premises

  • Ensure that you're aware of all the premises your argument is based on and that you know that your premises are true.
  • You can engage in self-distancing by treating your arguments as if they're presented by someone else. This can help you rationally...

A false premise

... is a faulty assumption that becomes the basis of an argument and makes it logically unsound. For example, all birds can fly. Penguins can't fly. Therefore, penguins aren't birds. The premise that all birds can fly is false since some birds can't fly.

A...

Deductive reasoning: From theory to confirmation

Deductive reasoning starts from established facts, then applies logical steps to reach a conclusion. For example, "Bachelors are unmarried men. Jack is unmarried. Therefore, Jack is a bachelor."

Limitations:

  • If the premise or ...

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