... is a faulty assumption that becomes the basis of an argument and makes it logically unsound. For example, all birds can fly. Penguins can't fly. Therefore, penguins aren't birds. The premise that all birds can fly is false since some birds can't fly.
A false premise underpins many logical fallacies, making it essential to understand them.
A logical fallacy is reasoning that contains a flaw.
Many logical fallacies rely on false premises:
Someone might choose to rely on a particular implicit premise because it is evident to all participants. Or, someone might decide to rely on an implicit false premise while giving a speech because it will be harder for listeners to notice problems with it.
When you respond to the use of false premises, you should generally call them out as false, explain why they're false, and how them being false invalidates the argument.
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