Carl Sagan is most notably remembered for his gift of translating scientific undertakings into the language of human emotion.
He is less often credited as one of the driving factors behind Voyager's Golden Record. In 1977, Sagan gathered a group of scientific and cultural advisors that built a collection of 115 images, natural sounds from Earth, a selection of music, and greetings recorded in 59 languages that travel through space to greet any life-forms that might come across the record's path.
Awe is the emotion we experience in the presence of something great or vast, and rich in information. When we experience awe, we're stunned by something and feel captivated by it. It is typically a positive experience.
Research shows that experiences of awe in nature can raise our feeling of connectedness to others. It can also give us a sense of spiritual fulfilment.
People who tend to experience awe are rated as more humble by their friends, display more generous behaviour, and are more supportive toward others.
Awe leads people to present a more balanced account of their own strengths and weaknesses. When we experience awe, we view ourselves as smaller and the world as larger. The self and its concerns are less prominent, and the world beyond more significant. We also see our smaller self as connected to the larger world.
When someone is asked to think or write about a spiritual experience, this act leads them to experience awe. Similarly, when experiences of awe are induced, people report more belief in the supernatural.
People who are more spiritually inclined tend to experience more awe and other self-transcendent emotions - accounting for why spirituality boosts wellbeing.
Some psychologists and philosophers suggest that studying the roles of awe and the small self can help us better understand spirituality. Psychologist William James suggests that we can experience union with something larger than ourselves and, in that union, find our greatest peace.
The suggestion is that those who are good at spirituality will be good at having experiences of awe, which will help them become better people.
Effective goal-setting underlies the fundamental aspect of your motivation and keeps stressful situations at bay.
If you don’t set goals in positive, attainable ways, you may fall into a cycle of stress and negative emotions, hindering your decision-making, breeding a lack of creativity, and eventually making you feel mentally exhausted and burnt out.
As losing resources is more likely to cause burnout than gaining resources is to mitigate it, dealing with the negative aspects is more beneficial than using positive “band-aid” fixes. You want to drive down uncertainty and inefficiency to ensure that you aren’t doing unnecessary tasks and minimize your emotional exhaustion. To do that:
Emotional exhaustion colors our perception negatively, leading to disengagement and feelings of doubt/distrust. This cynicism demotivates and leads to burnout, as we focus on avoiding losses more than on approaching gains. Cynicism recovery happens by reframing the motivational system into one that is more approach driven (as opposed to avoidance driven), as it generates more excitement and less procrastination. To do that:
Performing obligations makes you want to do desired activities to compensate, which often leads to failures in self-control and feelings of inadequacy. It’s important to not overwhelm yourself with obligations so you don’t lose control later and incur in inefficiency.
The word first appeared in the pages of TIME. It was an article on the Allied bombing of key industrial targets in Italy. The bombs used were called blockbusters because of their ability to destroy an entire city block.
With time, the word entered the American lexicon as a metaphor for something shocking and explosive.
In the pages of TIME, blockbuster was used to describe surprising news. In 1943, TIME used the word to describe a movie. The critics called the film adaptation of Mission to Moscow "as explosive as a blockbuster."
Not long after, the word started to refer specifically to movies that were commercially successful. The word became associated primarily with popular entertainment in general and with the big-budget, high-impact Hollywood hits.
Eventually, the idea of a blockbuster movie became associated with summer action movies, especially after Steven Spielberg's thriller, Jaws, released in the summer of 1975.
When Star Wars came out two years later, blockbuster became a synonym for the summer blockbuster genre.
Acting upon the reality of who you are now versus who you want to become is an important part of caring for your future self.
Consider these questions: Is who you are now the type of person you are happy with? Are you content with yourself and the environment that you're in? If not, then it's time to act upon who you want to be and make it into a reality.
Our brains aren't designed to see the future but we worry about what might happen to us in the future. Your present is what determines your future.
We get preoccupied with things that make us busy in the present and often forget about our future selves. Here are some ways we can help remind ourselves:
Build Some Guide Rails. Establish new boundaries. It's about knowing the difference between the things you’re willing to go the extra mile for when life demands it, and the things that mean enough to you for you to enforce your boundaries.
Don’t Do it Alone. You don't need to do everything yourself. It’s okay to seek support.
Give a Damn. Sometimes, being in a bad place can be the perfect opportunity to make some new choices.
The most important determinant of whether you'll achieve a goal or stay with a new habit is not self-discipline, nor rewards, nor willpower, nor motivation. It is focus.
Having multiple goals spreads out your focus and makes it less likely that you'll complete any of them. Maintain your attention on one goal at a time.
People find their greatest enjoyment when they're fully absorbed in a mindful challenge, known as "flow".
How to get into flow:
Be aware of your negative thoughts and replace them with positive thoughts. For example, instead of quitting your exercise routine, think about how great you feel.
Focus on the good parts of your life. Be thankful for what you have.
Revenge is the desire to retaliate to someone who has injured us or made us suffer, either physically or mentally.
Studies revealed that the feeling of revenge is extremely rewarding to the brain. The region of the brain called ‘caudate nucleus’ is stimulated when the victim imagines taking revenge to punish the other person.
While movies portray that being able to successfully take revenge will make one feel better, and find some closure, the long term effects of avenging oneself are completely opposite.
The cycle of retaliation continues after seeking revenge, and the pain of the original offence is re-opened, with the emotional wounds aggravated.
Attaining the heights of success by continued discipline and hustle is the best form of revenge, as it makes the original wrongdoer irrelevant and puny in front of one’s enormous stature.
One must set goals and work hard towards them, attaining growth, power and fame.