Ep. 5 - Awakening from the Meaning Crisis - Plato and the Cave - Deepstash

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Plato and the beginning of psychology

Plato and the beginning of psychology

Unlike the natural philosophers preced him Plato describes the world cognitively. He proposes  Plato's ideas are still the bedrock of psychology today. 

When we think psychology our mind usually gravitates to people like Freud or Yung, but all modern ideas can be traced back to Plato. He was among the first to discuss the soul, about God as a abstraction of perfect form etc ....

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The platonic division: the intelligible vs the visible

The platonic division: the intelligible vs the visible

We have all sorts of divisions we operate with:

  • short term interests (governed by pain& pleasure) vs our long term desires
  • subconscious vs the conscious mind,
  • reptilian vs the mammal brain
  • etc...

All of these started with Plato. He looked into diferent ways of knowing, and looked into which states of mind are more reliable than others. He divided the world into:

  • the intelligible, best understood through reason
  • the visible, best understood through our senses

Our senses are not good enough to understand true reality. What we may take as reality might as well be just shadows of the real thing.

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The Myth Of The Cave

The Myth Of The Cave

Is Plato's most famous parable -  about getting more connected with reality: Imagine people are chained sitting in a cave looking at a wall on which they see nothing but the shadows of real things behind their backs. One of the people breaks free and experience true reality. But he can not explain it to his fellow men, because they lack the experience and the vocabulary to understand him. 

This is the Matrix story: People living in a simulated reality. Neo escapes the matrix and gets on the journey to free the others. 

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CURATED BY

vladimir

Life-long learner. Passionate about leadership, entrepreneurship, philosophy, Buddhism & SF. Founder @deepstash.

Plato is such an influential thinker: our version of Christianity and some of the most popular movie franchises can be traced back to him.

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