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Endurance exercise study illuminates the link between muscles and health

https://www.inverse.com/mind-body/study-illuminates-how-exercise-can-regenerate-the-body

inverse.com

Endurance exercise study illuminates the link between muscles and health
A new study finds endurance exercise boosts the growth of vital muscle stem cells and sets off a cascade of regenerative effects on the body.‌‌

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The benefits of getting stronger

The benefits of getting stronger

While it's established that cardio and weight lifting build muscle, new research in mice shows that endurance exercise boosts the growth of vital muscle stem cells and fundamentally changes their metabolism.

It is too early to translate the findings directly to people. Still, this research could inform strategies to help people bounce back from injury, resist the loss of muscle mass that comes with ageing, and gain benefits even if people can't exercise.

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How muscle maintenance affects longevity

Muscle maintenance is vital to ensure healthy ageing.

In research with mice, researchers found that aerobic exercise changed how the animals consumed oxygen, metabolised sugar, and how tired they were when they weren't exercising. The mice were leaner and had fewer signs of inflammation.

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Cells capable of regenerating tissue

The research team isolated muscle tissue and focused on satellite cells - stem cells that live in skeletal muscle and regenerate muscle throughout adulthood.

These cells are activated continuously, but over time become fatigued and stop renewing. Endurance exercise increases proteins involved in quieting and activating these satellite cells, which enable self-renewal or differentiation.

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Since carbohydrate is the preferred energy source for muscle contraction during intense exercise, sports nutrition guidelines recommend eating carbohydrate-rich food to maximise performance. The guidelines suggest eating one gram of carbohydrate for every kilogram of your body mass, each hour for four hours.

Nutrition affects performance and recovery

  • Recovery describes the processes inside the muscles that are stimulated by the stress of exercise sessions. These processes build up and result in increased endurance and muscle growth.
  • Exercise performance describes the ability to perform exercise at a specific intensity and duration.

The current nutritional recommendations for performance may not be ideal for promoting recovery.

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Exercise Benefits The Brain

Any kind of exercise, be it aerobic, walking or Yoga, changes the brain's composition, structure and the way it operates. The changes that happen to the brain:

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