How 'One Hundred and One Dalmatians' Saved Disney - Deepstash
How 'One Hundred and One Dalmatians' Saved Disney

How 'One Hundred and One Dalmatians' Saved Disney

Curated from: smithsonianmag.com

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Making Disney Movies: A Manual and Tedious Process

In the 30s and the 40s, Disney movies had artists and animators manually working on sketches and colouring. Drawings were redrawn with every changing movement, with originally created colours mixed and put on the animated characters, creating authentic effects.

Some movies, like Sleeping Beauty, required nearly a million drawings, followed by a tedious colouring process.

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101 Dalmatians: 1961 Animated Movie

101 Dalmatians: 1961 Animated Movie

In 101 Dalmatians, Disney’s animation department pioneered the Xerox technology developed in the 1940s, completely changing the animation process and reducing the manual labour work consisting of hours of tedious redrawing by animators.

Xeroxing copied the drawings on transparent celluloid sheets, instead of having the artists redraw them thousands of times.

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The First Mechanisation Of Art

  • Xeroxing mechanised the tracing process, leading to some deterioration from the movies made manually. The outlines were harsher, and it was met with a mixed response initially, before getting fine-tuned.
  • Artists felt that with each manual tracing, the drawing loses some of its life, and xeroxing retains the firmness of the art.
  • The Movie 101 Dalmatians could be really hard to make without xeroxing, as animating a hundred puppies manually would have taken forever!

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