Types Of Diabetes Mellitus - Deepstash

Types Of Diabetes Mellitus

  • Type 1 diabetes : This is an autoimmune disease. Here, the insulin-producing cells(alpha cells) in pancreas are destroyed. Up to 10% of diabetics are Type 1. Usually diagnosed in children & young adults. Patients need to take insulin every day.(Insulin-dependent diabetes)
  • Type 2 diabetes: Here, body either doesn’t make enough insulin or body’s cells don’t respond normally to insulin. It is most common type of diabetes. Up to 95% of diabetics are Type 2. Usually occurs in middle-aged & older people. Also called as Adult-onset diabetes & insulin-resistant diabetes.

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In Gestational Diabetes--

In mother: Preeclampsia high blood pressure, excess protein in urine, leg/feet swelling.

In newborn: Higher-than-normal birth weight, low blood sugar-hypoglycemia.

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Diabetes is when your body isn't able to take up sugar (glucose) into its cells and use it for energy. This results in a build up of extra sugar in your bloodstream.

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  • Increased thirst.
  • Weak, tired feeling.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet.
  • Slow-healing sores or cuts.
  • Unplanned weight loss.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Frequent unexplained infections.
  • Dry mouth.

Other symptoms--

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Insulin is a hormone made by pancreas.

Pancreas release insulin into the bloodstream. Insulin allows glucose to enter body’s cells. Glucose provides the “fuel” or energy tissues and organs need to properly function.

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This is a temporary type called as Gestational diabetes

This type develops in some women during their pregnancy. Gestational diabetes usually goes away after pregnancy. However, if you have gestational diabetes you're at higher risk of developing Type 2 diabetes later on in life.

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  • Plan on what you eat and follow a healthy meal plan. Diets high in nutrition and fiber and low in fats and calories are helpful.
  • Exercise regularly . Try to exercise at least 30 minutes most days of the week. Walk, swim,etc.. activities that make us perspire should be done.
  • Lose weight if you are overweight.
  • Take medication and insulin, if prescribed, and closely following recommendations on how and when to take it.
  • Monitor the blood glucose and blood pressure levels regularly with no falsified data.
  • Quit smoking and alcoholic beverages.

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Diabetes mellitus

Type 2 diabetes is a common condition where your body loses its ability to use up glucose in the blood, also known as blood sugar . There are a number of symptoms that can accompany type 2 diabetes — and many of them start to show up early.

The most common early signs of type 2 diabetes are frequent urination, extreme thirst, and persistent hunger. But there are other symptoms that may alert you to this disease. A diagnosis can feel life-changing, but types 2 diabetes is very manageable if caught early.

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Reward Response

For many people eating a little sugar stimulates a craving for more. Sugar can lead to intense feelings of hunger.

Sugar has addiction-like effects in the reward center of the brain, causing a loss of self-control, overeating and weight gain.

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Ketosis

Is a metabolic state. Think of being in or out of ketosis like the settings in a hybrid car; you can rely on gas or electricity to different degrees.

In ketosis, we rely on fat instead of carbs for energy and do so to such an extent that we start making ketones from fat.

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