Diabetes: Types, Risk Factors, Symptoms, Tests, Treatments & Prevention - Deepstash

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What Is Diabetes Mellitus??

Diabetes is when your body isn't able to take up sugar (glucose) into its cells and use it for energy. This results in a build up of extra sugar in your bloodstream.

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"Key" Reason For Diabetes Mellitus..

Insulin is a hormone made by pancreas.

Pancreas release insulin into the bloodstream. Insulin allows glucose to enter body’s cells. Glucose provides the “fuel” or energy tissues and organs need to properly function.

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Types Of Diabetes Mellitus

  • Type 1 diabetes : This is an autoimmune disease. Here, the insulin-producing cells(alpha cells) in pancreas are destroyed. Up to 10% of diabetics are Type 1. Usually diagnosed in children & young adults. Patients need to take insulin every day.(Insulin-dependent diabetes)
  • Type 2 diabetes: Here, body either doesn’t make enough insulin or body’s cells don’t respond normally to insulin. It is most common type of diabetes. Up to 95% of diabetics are Type 2. Usually occurs in middle-aged & older people. Also called as Adult-onset diabetes & insulin-resistant diabetes.

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Symptoms..

  • Increased thirst.
  • Weak, tired feeling.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet.
  • Slow-healing sores or cuts.
  • Unplanned weight loss.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Frequent unexplained infections.
  • Dry mouth.

Other symptoms--

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Diabetes During Pregnancy..

This is a temporary type called as Gestational diabetes

This type develops in some women during their pregnancy. Gestational diabetes usually goes away after pregnancy. However, if you have gestational diabetes you're at higher risk of developing Type 2 diabetes later on in life.

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Complications..

In Gestational Diabetes--

In mother: Preeclampsia high blood pressure, excess protein in urine, leg/feet swelling.

In newborn: Higher-than-normal birth weight, low blood sugar-hypoglycemia.

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Measures To Keep A Check On Diabetes...

  • Plan on what you eat and follow a healthy meal plan. Diets high in nutrition and fiber and low in fats and calories are helpful.
  • Exercise regularly . Try to exercise at least 30 minutes most days of the week. Walk, swim,etc.. activities that make us perspire should be done.
  • Lose weight if you are overweight.
  • Take medication and insulin, if prescribed, and closely following recommendations on how and when to take it.
  • Monitor the blood glucose and blood pressure levels regularly with no falsified data.
  • Quit smoking and alcoholic beverages.

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CURATED BY

vaidehi_w

📌 Indian 📌Aspiring Physiotherapist 📌Published Writer

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