Martin Seligman, co-founder of the positive psychology movement. He came up with the PERMA model, which describes how we can achieve a life of fulfillment, happiness, and meaning.
Positive emotion —The ability to stay optimistic and look at situations constructively.
Engagement —Full attention on a present activity that absorbs you, leading to a flow state.
Relationships—Realize we are social animals and need other people to thrive.
Meaning —Find your strengths and ways to contribute, or: “why am I on earth?”
Accomplishments —Find realistic goals that add value to your life and of those around you.
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In the evening ask yourself four-question :
Stoicism is a Hellenistic philosophy that’s been around for over 2,300 years. Stoicism is a life philosophy that helps you think and approach reality in an effective way.
Stoic philosophers have been known throughout history for their logic and practical advice. In essence, they were early model thinkers.
Modern psychotherapies like Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT) and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) draw extensively from Stoicism. The scientific method and academic community have proven the Stoics right.
“Some things are in our control and others not. Things in our control are opinion, pursuit, desire, aversion, and, in a word, whatever are our own actions. Things not in our control are body, property, reputation, command, and, in one word, whatever are not our own actions. “
Stoicism asserts that we don’t control and cannot rely on external events, only ourselves and our responses.
The Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius Antoninus was the last famous Stoic philosopher of antiquity. He faced one of the worst plagues in European history.
During the Antonine Plague, he wrote a book, known as The Meditations, which can be viewed as a manual for developing the mental resilience skills required to cope with a difficult situation.
Stoicism is made up of conflicting writings, especially around God, determinism vs free will, happiness vs avoidance of pain etc. Today most Stoic fans are practicing a cafeteria approach: picking up the few useful bits, modifying others, discarding the rest.
But it’s important to know that this is what we’re doing. Because to the extent that we’re taking this approach, we’re not practicing Stoicism. We are abandoning it and relying implicitly on different (and often unidentified) philosophic ideas.
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