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The human microbiome

The human microbiome

The human body is made up of trillions of human cells. There are possibly three times as many microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, and other microbes) living in and on the human body. The microbial communities in and on the human body are known as the human microbiome.

The microbiome contributes considerably to human growth, development, and function. The most well known is the gut microbiome, which impacts human digestive health.

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MORE IDEAS FROM THE SAME ARTICLE

Metaphors that scientists use to talk about the microbiome influence scientific understanding and can shape medical treatment. For example, viewing the microbiome as an "organ" or a "part of the immune system."

Some physicians support fecal microbiota...

To think of a microbiome as an organ creates a limited perspective because organs are relatively set. Generally, a heart will develop and remain the same in each person. But a microbiome is not one thing. It's trillions of things and responds to small changes in our diet, environment, and...

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Western vs. Mediterranean diet

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Microbes

Research found the following difference in stomach microbes of different individuals:

  • Intestinal microbes of people living in villages, having a natural diet, are much more complex, and can degrade fiber.
  • People in cities, eating a western diet, have microbes in their stomach a...

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The brain and the gut are linked and in constant communication, and about 100 million nerve cells reside in the gut.

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