Ketosis

... is a normal metabolic process. When the body does not have enough glucose (derived from sugars and starches) for energy, it burns stored fats instead; this results in a build-up of acids called ketones within the body.

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Health

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  • Ketosis occurs when the body does not have sufficient access to its primary fuel source, glucose.
  • Ketosis describes a condition where fat stores are broken down to produce energy, which also produces ketones, a type of acid.
  • In small amounts, ketones serve to indicate that the body is breaking down fat, but high levels of ketones can poison the body, leading to a process called ketoacidosis, a serious condition that can prove fatal.
  • People with type 1 diabetes are more likely to develop ketoacidosis, for which emergency medical treatment is required to avoid or treat diabetic coma.
  • Some people follow a ketogenic (low-carb) diet to try to lose weight by forcing the body to burn fat stores.
The ketogenic diet
The diet itself can be regarded as a high-fat diet, with around 75 % of calories derived from fats,  20 % from proteins and 5 % from carbohydrates.

Adhering to the ketogenic diet can lead to short-term weight loss, consuming fewer calories without feeling hungry while following the diet.

These health benefits could be due to the loss of excess weight and eating of healthier foods, rather than a reduction in carbohydrates. Longer-term adherence to the ketogenic diet does not appear to yield great benefit.

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7 tips to get into ketosis
  • Increase physical activity
  • Reduce carbohydrate intake significantly
  • Fast for short periods
  • Increase healthful fat intake
  • Test ketone levels
  • Maintain a high protein intake
  • Consume more coconut oil as this may help to increase ketone levels.

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Do Not Eat on a Keto Diet
  • Grains – wheat, corn, rice, cereal, etc.
  • Sugar – honey, agave, maple syrup, etc.
  • Fruit – apples, bananas, oranges, etc.
  • Tubers – potato, yams, etc.
Keto in the long run

Keto diets don’t seem to help people lose extra weight in the long run.

In the short term, keto can sometimes help people lose more weight because they cause rapid water loss, which gives people the impression they’ve lost fat. 

But by the one-year mark, it performs equally to any other weight loss diet.

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