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Paleo Diet 101: Beginner's Guide of What to Eat and How It Works | Everyday Health

The Paleo Diet

It consists of cutting modern foods from your diet and returning to the way of the early hunter-gatherer ancestors.

The diet can improve your health by eliminating high-fat and processed foods that have little nutritional value and too many calories, and loading up on fruits and vegetables that are bursting with healthy vitamins, minerals, and fiber.

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Paleo Diet 101: Beginner's Guide of What to Eat and How It Works | Everyday Health

Paleo Diet 101: Beginner's Guide of What to Eat and How It Works | Everyday Health

https://www.everydayhealth.com/diet-nutrition/the-paleo-diet.aspx

everydayhealth.com

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Key Ideas

The Paleo Diet

It consists of cutting modern foods from your diet and returning to the way of the early hunter-gatherer ancestors.

The diet can improve your health by eliminating high-fat and processed foods that have little nutritional value and too many calories, and loading up on fruits and vegetables that are bursting with healthy vitamins, minerals, and fiber.

The paleo diet and research

Researchers found that the paleo diet led to more short-term improvements in some risk factors for chronic disease.

There is not enough evidence to make any strong claims, especially its longterm effects.

Foods to Eat and Avoid

Eat: Lean cuts of beef, pork, and poultry and game animals, eggs, fish fruit, not starchy vegetables, nuts and seeds and olive, flaxseed or walnut oil.

Avoid: Processed foods, dairy, grains, legumes, starchy vegetables, sugar, artificial sugars and fruit juices.

A Sample Menu

Breakfast: Onion and spinach omelette with liver pâté
Lunch: Tuna wrapped in lettuce with almonds
Snack: Hard-boiled eggs
Dinner: Beef bourguignon
Dessert: Ice cream made from coconut milk

Risks and Benefits

Pros: 
  • Nutritious, Easy to Follow and It Involves Exercise.
  • The diet helps with managing autoimmune diseases, although evidence is limited and anecdotal.

Cons: 

  • Expensive, Possibly Boring, and Limited Evidence of healthy benefits.
  • An unlimited amount of red meat may be detrimental to your heart health.
  • Grains are excluded from the diet, even though whole grains have been linked with better cholesterol levels, reduced risk of stroke, obesity, and type 2 diabetes.

What to Expect

  • You could lose weight following a Paleolithic diet.
  • Get calcium and other nutrients you’re missing by not having dairy products and certain grains.
  • Health benefits are likely to result from cutting out processed food and sugar and replacing them with fruits, vegetables, and healthy fats.
  • Ease the transition to the Paleo diet with small incremental changes.

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A general guideline

There is no one "right" way to eat for everyone.

Some eat a low-carb diet high in animal foods, while others follow a high-carb diet with lots of plants.

Avoid these foods and ingredients:

  • Sugar and high-fructose corn syrup.
  • All Grains.
  • Legumes like beans and lentils.
  • Most Dairy, especially low-fat dairy.
  • Some vegetable oils like soybean, sunflower, cottonseed, corn, grapeseed, safflower and other oils.
  • Trans fats: "hydrogenated" or "partially hydrogenated" oils found in margarine and various processed foods.
  • Artificial sweeteners: Aspartame, sucralose, cyclamates, saccharin, acesulfame potassium. 
  • Highly processed foods: Everything labeled "diet" or "low-fat" or that has many additives.

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Paleo concept

Humans evolved on a diet very different from today's eating habits. To be healthier, leaner, stronger and fitter, we must re-think our diet and remove some of the food groups we ...

What to eat
  • Animals (especially a "whole animal" approach, including organs, bone marrow, cartilage, and organs).
  • Animal products (such as eggs or honey).
  • Vegetables and fruits.
  • Raw nuts and seeds.
  • Added fats (like coconut oil, avocado, butter, ghee).
What to avoid
  • Grains, although research suggests eating whole grains improve our health and appear to be neutral when it comes to inflammation.
  • Heavily processed oils, such as canola and soybean oil.
  • Legumes, although research suggests the benefits of legumes outweigh their anti-nutrient content. Cooking eliminates most anti-nutrient effects. Some anti-nutrients may even be good.
  • Dairy.

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The Paleo Diet

The Paleo Diet is an effort to go back to eating how we’re biologically designed to eat, allowing us to tap into our genetic potential and start living healthier immediately.

Lose weight on the Paleo Diet
  1. Eat fewer calories than you burn every day.
  2. Eat mostly real food if you want to be healthy.
  3. Do those two things consistently for a decade to KEEP the weight off.

When you only eat real food and avoid all unhealthy food, you’re more likely than not going to run a caloric deficit – and thus lose weight.

Eat the following:
  • Meat – GRASS-FED, not grain-fed. 
  • Fowl – Chicken, duck, hen, turkey.
  • Fish – Wild fish, as mercury and other toxins can be an issue in farmed fish
  • Eggs – Omega-3 enriched cage free eggs.
  • Vegetables – As long as they’re not deep-fried, eat as many as you want.
  • Oils – Olive oil, coconut oil, avocado oil – think natural.
  • Fruits – Fruits have natural sugar, and can be higher in calories, so limit if you’re trying to lose weight.
  • Nuts – High in calories, so they’re good for a snack only.
  • Tubers – Sweet potatoes and yams. Higher in calories and carbs.

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