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The science of deliberate practice

https://nesslabs.com/deliberate-practice

nesslabs.com

The science of deliberate practice

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Practice with direction

Practice with direction

We tend to think that practice means endless repetition of the same task, where the goal is to progressively become an expert. The most efficient route to expertise is not mindless practice, but deliberate practice.

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The talent fallacy

People believe that expert performance means the performer must be endowed with talent. This is only true for some individuals.

The difference between expert performers and regular people is that experts have spent a deliberate effort to improve their performance in a specific area. They practice with the objective of mastering it.

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The promise of deliberate practice

Deliberate practice is focused, systematic, and purposeful.

  • It is designed specifically to improve performance.
  • It can be repeated a lot.
  • Feedback on results is continuously available.
  • It's highly demanding mentally.
  • It's not much fun.

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The 3 M’s of deliberate practice

Instead of mindlessly practicing a skill without improving, deliberate practice can result in better performance and in a shorter time.

  • Measurement: Deliberate practice requires to objectively track and measure your progress. It can be done with a simple note-taking app or a spreadsheet.
  • Metacognition. After measuring your progress, it's important to make space for self-reflection. Journaling can be a powerful metacognitive tool.
  • Mentoring. Having a coach or teacher can vastly improve the impact of deliberate practice.

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Geoff Colvin

" “Deliberate practice is hard. It hurts. But it works. More of it equals better performance and tons of it equals great performance.”"

Geoff Colvin

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Tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon

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Next time you experience a tip-of-the-tongue state, don't retrieve the information from memory. Instead, look up the correct answer. Repeat it a few times or write it down to help with encoding.

People that experience the tip-of-the-tongue state often suffer from incorrect practice time. Instead of learning the correct work, they are learning the mistake itself. For example, some music students who claim to practice diligently can get worse over time. This is because they keep on repeating the same mistakes, instead of using deliberate practice. They actually train themselves to make mistakes.

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Stress to some extent is beneficial as it releases hormones like cortisol in the brain, increasing your performance in the short term while enhancing brain functions.

Healthy Levels Of Anxiety

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