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The Highest Good: An Introduction To The 4 Stoic Virtues

https://dailystoic.com/4-stoic-virtues/

dailystoic.com

The Highest Good: An Introduction To The 4 Stoic Virtues

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The Four Virtues Of Stoicism

The Four Virtues Of Stoicism

According to Stoicism, the highest good, the supreme aim of life is virtue. Good or bad situations, events and circumstances are nothing but a chance for us to respond with virtue, and leads to happiness, success, honor, love and respect. Virtue is how one is happy and free, while shunning complexity and embracing simplicity.

The Four Virtues believed by the Stoics are Wisdom, Courage, Temperance and Justice.

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Virtues Of Stoics: Wisdom

Wisdom is the space between the event and the response. The power to choose good or bad, recognizing the reality of the event and responding with complete awareness and rationality is called wisdom.

It is the way one puts knowledge in implementation mode, guiding one towards the right action.

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Virtues Of Stoics: Temperance

Acting within limits, and not indulging in anything too much is a virtue that firmly puts it foot down on excess, which it believes lead to discontent, and dissatisfaction.

Curbing one’s desires (or self-control) leads us to work on what is essential in our lives, be it material goods, discipline, or any extreme choice that life provides us with.

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Virtues Of Stoics: Courage

Following the virtue of courage makes one face death, misfortune and loss of respect, and still hold on to one’s principles.

Life is a battle, and many times, a futile one. It requires great courage to fight not just the negative forces, but the many vices, and life-choices like trying to stay sane in an insane world, or fighting the urge to be corrupt when given absolute power.

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Virtues Of Stoics: Justice

Justice is a virtue of stoicism that puts one’s self-interest and personal good out of the equation, and puts the focus on the betterment of the world.

The virtue of justice is explained as:

  1. Not harming others.
  2. Keeping personal and private property separate.
  3. Thinking of others, not just of yourself. Everybody is important.
  4. Doing good to others.
  5. Embracing and following nature, contributing to society’s good.
  6. Being steadfast and truthful.

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SIMILAR ARTICLES & IDEAS:

Arete: Excellence

Arete: Excellence

Excellence is something that we have to demonstrate every waking moment of our lives, not something that is done once and then forgotten. Excellence is a way of life and is the operating system ins...

Habits Define Our Success

There is nothing more powerful and effective as a habit. Our repetition, routine, rituals and daily actions become our habits and eventually define our success and happiness.

Our habits make us survive, thrive and live ahead, even during hard times. Each repeated action we do becomes a habit, as we add fuel to the fire. The more we do it, the more it is reinforced.

Owning The Morning

  • Some of the most successful and happy people are early risers. Waking up early could be the best productivity hack of your life. One does the best work in the morning when the day has just started. There are no distractions, no phones or doorbells ringing and no commotion at home.

  • Studies show that early risers experience better emotional, physical, mental and spiritual well-being.

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John Dewey

"We do not learn from experience…we learn from reflecting on experience."

John Dewey

The Benefits of Journaling

  • Research reveals that people who journal have a 25% increase in performance when compared to people who do not journal.
  • Journaling helps improve well-being after traumatic and stressful events.
  • Journaling improves communication skills. Writing reflects clear thinking, and in turn, clear communication.
  • Journaling before bed decreases cognitive stimulus, rumination, and worry, allowing you to fall asleep faster.
  • Reflective writing reduces intrusive and avoidant thoughts about negative events.

The Goals of Keeping A Journal

  • You can bring your problems to a journal. Journaling is you figuring things out and clearing your head.
  • Leave your destructive thoughts in your journal. We all carry around destructive thoughts about the things that went wrong. Instead of holding our thoughts in our head, we can put it down on paper.
  • Keep a journal for your grandchildren. Fifty years from now, our own notebooks will be around to astonish and inspire our grandchildren, unlike our tweets and Facebook posts.
  • Journal for your future self. Produce something that you can look back on and learn from.

Forget all the rules others impose about a journal. Do what works for you.

Being the knower

Being the knower

... or always being right is heavy armor. It translate into defensiveness and posturing. This is very common and most of us have some degree of knower in us.

Needing to know everything is ...

Why we hide behind the "knower" armor

For many people the need to be a knower is caused by shame and even trauma. Being the knower can get people out of difficult situations, and it’s easy to believe that being a knower is the only value we bring to relationships and work.

Knowing can also become a culture problem when only some people are valued as knowers.

Going from knower to curious learner

  1. Name the issue. And discuss it in a gentle way:"I’d like for you to work on your curiosity and critical thinking skills."
  2. Make learning “curiosity skills” a priority. Don’t assume people aren’t curious because they don’t care. They may not know how to be curious.
  3. Acknowledge and reward great questions and statements like “I don’t know, but I’d like to find out”.