9 Pioneers Who Helped Mold the History of Psychology - Deepstash

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9 Pioneers Who Helped Mold the History of Psychology

psychcentral.com

Wilhelm Wundt

  • He was the first founder of the psychology laboratory at the University of Leipzig which marked the official beginning of psychology as an independent science;
  • Has many beliefs and theories but was heavily misunderstood by some due to the languag...

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William James

  • He earned his medical degree at Harvard University back in 1869 but never practiced medicine;
  • He taught at Harvard in 1873 for physiology and was the first to offer the course "physiological psychology";
  • He is popularly known for his n...

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Edward Thorndike

  • Recognized for his contributions in psychometrics;
  • His work was focused on the development of the field of educational psychology - this is the branch that focuses on studying how people take in knowledge in order to further develop educational materials and approaches f...

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Sigmund Freud

  • He is well-known as the "father of psychoanalytic theory";
  • He has contributed tremendously to psychoanalysis in the late 1890s because of his deep-rooted fascination to the study of the mind;
  • Due to the increasing number of his following in th...

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B.F. Skinner

  • Burrhus Frederic Skinner is known for his work on operant conditioning - it is a form of behavior modification that helps elaborate and alter certain behaviors.
  • He is also famously known for his experimentation using a condition chamber or commonly known as the "Skinner Box&...

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Mary Whiton Calkins

  • Widely known for her research about the self;
  • She understood the importance of self-psychology and that it should be a part of scientific research;
  • Despite her contribution to Harvard, the university did not confer degrees to women during that time;
  • S...

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Alfred Binet

  • He was a French psychologist who partially contributed to the formation of IQ test - the objective measurement for intelligence;
  • He studied physiology after getting his law degree in 1878, then worked at a neurological clinic in Paris in 1880s, then pursued a lon...

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Ivan Pavlov

  • In contrast to what people think, Pavlov was a Russian physiologist who quit priesthood to pursue science;
  • Famously known for his theory of classical conditioning - where an external stimuli can have direct influence in a behavioral response;
  • He won a N...

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Harry Harlow

  • He studied the behavior of monkeys in a laboratory environment at the University of Wisconsin-Madison;
  • His researched proved his hypothesis that "human infants needed similar contact from their mothers" correct when baby monkeys showed that they needed more than mere su...

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